SKRIPSI Jurusan Seni dan Desain - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Makna Simbolis Ragam Gerak Tari Puputan Bayu Karya Sumitro Hadi Desa Gladag Kecamatan Rogojampi Kabupaten Banyuwangi

Leni Yuniarti

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

Yuniarti, Leni. 2016.Makna Simbolis Ragam Gerak Tari Puputan Bayu Karya Sumitro Hadi Desa Gladag Kecamatan Rogojampi Kabupaten Banyuwangi. Skripsi, Jurusan Seni dan Desain, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing: (I) Dra. Ninik Harini, M.Sn, (II) Tri Wahyuningtyas, S.Pd, M.Si.

Kata Kunci: Makna Simbolis, Ragam Gerak, Tari Puputan Bayu. 

Tari terdiri atas ragam gerak yang tersusun dan memiliki sebuah makna didalamnya. Tari Puputan Bayu merupakan tari yang diciptakan oleh Sumitro Hadi pada tahun 1994. Ragam gerak pada tari Puputan Bayu yang lebih mengarah pada gerak-gerak pencak silat. Selain mengarah pada gerak pencak silat, gerak-gerak pada tari Puputan Bayu menunjukkan ketegasan, kegagahan, kesigapan namun dilakukan oleh perempuan yang menggambarkan prajurit perempuan suku Osing yang dipimpin Raden Mas Ayu Wiwit dalam melawan penjajah belanda. Berdasarkan keunikan tersebut peneliti tertarik untuk melakukan penelitian tentang makna yang terkandung dalam ragam gerak tari Puputan Bayu.

Penelitian yang berjudul Makna Simbolis Ragam Gerak Tari Puputan Bayu Karya Sumitro Hadi Desa Gladag Kecamatan Rogojampi Kabupaten Banyuwangi ini mempunyai tujuan yaitu mendeskripsikan ragam gerak dan makna yang terkandung dalam ragam gerak tari Puputan Bayu.

Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan jenis penelitian deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Proses analisis data dimulai dari tahap pengumpulan data, tahap reduksi, tahap penyajian data, serta tahap penarikan kesimpulan. Pengecekan keabsahan data dilakukan dengan triangulasi sumber, dan triangulasi teknik.

Penelitian ini menunjukan hasil tentang ragam gerak dan makna ragam gerak tari Puputan Bayu Karya Sumitro Hadi. Ragam gerak tari Puputan Bayu terdiri dari tiga bagian yaitu bagian ragam gerak awal, ragam gerak inti, dan ragam gerak penutup. Ragam gerak tari Puputan Bayuyang memiliki makna simbolis terdapat pada lima ragam gerak yaitu Gudril, Ngundang Bolo/Banteng Gambul, Layar Kemendung, Baliyan Nayuk, dan Pencakan.Ragam gerak tersebut mengandung makna tentang patriotisme dan sikap sosial.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, peneliti menyarankan kepada seluruh pihak terutama generasi muda dan para penari agar mempelajari makna yang terkandung dalam suatu tarian seperti pada tari Puputan Bayu, karena melalui gerak-gerak yang disampaikan oleh penari dan mampu dikomunikasikan kepada penonton, maka ide-ide pencipta telah tersampaikan kepada masyarakat. Sehingga makna tersebut mampu diterapkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.

ABSTRACT

Yuniarti, Leni. 2016.Symbolic Meaning of Puputan Bayu Dance Variety Movements By Sumitro Hadi in Gladag Village Rogojampi District Banyuwangi Regency. Thesis, Department of Art and Design, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Supervisors: (I) Dra. Ninik Harini, M.Sn, (II) Tri Wahyuningtyas, S.Pd, M.Si.

Dance consists of various movements which contain and have important meaning. Puputan Bayu dance is dance which created by Sumitro Hadi in 1994. Various movements in Puputan Bayu dance refer to the martial art (Pencak Silat) movements. Despite refers to the martial art movements, Puputan Bayu dance movements also demonstrate firmness, strongness, and readiness. However, this dance performed by female which describes about female soldier of Osing ethnic group that led by Raden Mas Ayu Wiwit in the war against Dutch. Based onits uniqueness, the researcher interested to conduct a research about symbolic meaning of Puputan Bayu various movements.

The research which titled by Symbolic Meaning of Puputan Bayu Dance Various Movements By Sumitro Hadi in Gladag Village Rogojampi District Banyuwangi Regency had purpose to describe variety of movements and symbolic meaning in Puputan Bayu dance movements.

This research used qualitative approach and descriptive research type. Data collection technique was conducted by observation, interview, and documentation method. Data analysis process started from data collection step, data reduction step, data display step, and conclusion drawing step. Data validity checking was conducted by source and technical triangulation.

This research shows about variety of movements and symbolic meaning of Puputan Bayu dance various movements by Sumitro Hadi. The variety of movements in Puputan Bayu dance consisted of three parts, initial variety of movements, main variety of movement, and closing variety of movements. These variety of movements were more prominent in five variety of movements, Gudril, Ngundang Bolo/Banteng Gambul, Layar Kemendung, Baliyan Nayuk, and Pencakan movement. Those movements contained symbolic meaning of patriotism and social attitude.

Based on the research result, the researcher suggests to all parties, especially young generation and the dancers in order to learn about symbolic meaning from a dance such as Puputan Bayu dance, because through movements that performed by dancers, it will be able to communicate the meaning to the audience, thus the creator’s idea will be delivered to the people or audience. Hence, the meaning will be able to be implemented in the daily living.

This research shows about variety of movements and symbolic meaning of Puputan Bayu dance various movements by Sumitro Hadi. The variety of movements in Puputan Bayu dance consisted of three parts, initial variety of movements, main variety of movement, and closing variety of movements. These variety of movements were more prominent in five variety of movements, Gudril, Ngundang Bolo/Banteng Gambul, Layar Kemendung, Baliyan Nayuk, and Pencakan movement. Those movements contained symbolic meaning of patriotism and social attitude.

Based on the research result, the researcher suggests to all parties, especially young generation and the dancers in order to learn about symbolic meaning from a dance such as Puputan Bayu dance, because through movements that performed by dancers, it will be able to communicate the meaning to the audience, thus the creator’s idea will be delivered to the people or audience. Hence, the meaning will be able to be implemented in the daily living.