SKRIPSI Jurusan Sejarah - Fakultas Ilmu Sosial UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Persepsi Guru Terhadap Implementasi Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek (Project Based Learning) pada Mata Pelajaran Sejarah di SMA Negeri 1 dan 2 Kota Batu

Aziz Moch Rizky

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

Aziz, Muhammad Rizky. 2019. Persepsi Guru Terhadap Implementasi Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek (Project Based Learning) pada Mata Pelajaran Sejarah di SMA Negeri 1 dan 2 Kota Batu. Skripsi, Jurusan Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing: Dr. Ari Sapto, M.Hum

Kata Kunci: Implementasi, Project Based Learning, Mata Pelajaran Sejarah, SMA Negeri 1 dan 2 Kota Batu

Project Based Learning adalah model pembelajaran yang berpusat pada siswa yang mendorong inisiatif yang memfokuskan siswa pada dunia nyata, dan dapat meningkatkan motivasi mereka. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran model Project Based Learning dipengaruhi oleh persepsi guru terhadap pelaksanaan model pembelajaran Project Based Learning itus endiri. Dalam penelitian ini peneliti akan mendeskripsikan bagaimana persepsi guru sejarah tentang pelaksanaan Project Based Learning. Dengan melihat persepsi guru tentang pelaksanaan model pembelajaran tersebut,maka akan didapatkan bagaimana pelaksanaan Project Based Learning di kelas.

Rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah

(1) Bagaimana implementasi model pembelajaran berbasis proyek (Project Based Learning) pada mata pelajaran sejarah di SMA Negeri 1 dan 2 Batu.

(2) Bagaimana persepsi guru terhadap implementasi model pembelajaran berbasis proyek (Project Based Learning) pada mata pelajaran sejarah di SMA Negeri 1 dan 2 Batu.

Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan desain penelitian deksriptif. Metode pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan teknik

(1) observasi,

(2) wawancara, dan

(3) dokumentasi. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini diperoleh dari hasil wawancara dengan informan, dan sumber data pendukung berupa dokumentasi. Pengolahan data menggunakan analisis reduksi data, sajian data dan verifikasi data.

Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa

(1) Implementasi model Project Based Learning (PBL) dalam pembelajaran Sejarah dimodifikasi dengan berbagai metode, teknik, dan sumber belajar yang tersedia di sekolah. Pelaksanaannya harus memperhatikan beberapa factor diantaranya karakteristik dan kemampuan pesertadidik, kompetensi dasar yang sesuai, ketersediaan waktu serta ketersediaan sumber belajar

(2) Persepsi guru Sejarah di SMA Negeri 1 dan 2 Batu terhadap model pembelajaran Project Based Learning berpengaruh pada penggunaan model pembelajaran ini di dalam kelas.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, disarankan kepada guru sebaiknya mampu mengatur waktu untuk mengalokasikan waktu pembelajaran dengan baik. Pengelolaan waktu yang baik dapat membantu pesertadidik dalam menyelesaikan setiap tahap-tahap proses pembelajaran, terutama dalam proses menyelesaikan tugas dengan model pembelajaran Project Based Learning. Selain itu, disarankan juga kepada pesertadidik agar dapat member dukungan penuh terhadap guru untuk mengembangkan berbagai variasi model pembelajaran yang diterapkan guru di dalam kelas.

ABSTRACT

Aziz, Muhammad Rizky. 2019. History’s Teacher Perception Toward Implementation of Project Based Learning Model on History Subject in Senior High School 1 and 2 of Batu City. Thesis, Department of History, Faculty of Social Sciences,State University of Malang. Advisor: Dr. Ari Sapto, M. Hum

Keywords: Implementation, Project Based Learning, Historical Subjects, Batu City Public High School

Project Based Learning is a student-centered learning model that encourages initiatives that focus students on the real world, and can increase their motivation. The implementation of the Project Based Learning model is influenced by teacher perceptions of the implementation of the Project Based Learning model itself. In this study the researcher will describe how the history teacher’s perception of the implementation of Project Based Learning. By looking at the teacher's perceptions of the implementation of the learning model, it will be obtained how to implement Project Based Learning in the classroom.

The formulation of the problem in this study is

(1) How is the implementation of the Project Based Learning model on historical subjects in Batu 1 and 2 SMA.

(2) What is the teacher's perception of the implementation of the Project Based Learning model on history subjects in Batu City Senior High School.

This study uses a qualitative approach with descriptive research design. The method of data collection in this study was carried out by techniques

(1) observation,

(2) interviews, and

(3) documentation. Sources of data in this study were obtained from the results of interviews with informants, and supporting data sources in the form of documentation. Data processing uses analysis of data reduction, data presentation and data verification.

The results of this study indicate that

(1) Implementation of the Project Based Learning (PBL) model in History learning is modified by various methods, techniques, and learning resources available at school. The implementation must pay attention to several factors including the characteristics and abilities of students, appropriate basic competencies, time availability and availability of learning resources

(2) Teachers' perceptions History in Batu City Senior High School on the Project Based Learning model influences the use of this learning model in class.

Based on the results of this study, it is recommended that teachers should be able to set the time to allocate learning time well. Good time management can help students to complete each stage of the learning process, especially in the process of completing tasks with the Project Based Learning model. In addition, it is also recommended that students be able to give full support to the teacher to develop various variations of the learning model applied by the teacher in the classroom.