SKRIPSI Jurusan Sejarah - Fakultas Ilmu Sosial UM, 2018

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biografi KH. Mahrus Aly 1907-1985

singgih dwiatmika




KH. Mahrus Aly is one of the most prominent religious figures at Pondok Pesantren Lirboyo. Derived from the wandering Cirebon regency studying religion from one boarding school to another boarding school. Pondok Pesantren Lirboyo is the last for KH. Mahrus Aly boarding school in the journey to study religion. His intelligence and authority make a kiai respected by kiai and other santri. There are several organizations that he participated, namely PBNU, Hizbullah, and certainly in the pondok pesantren. This is done not only for the benefit of pondok pesantren or for its own benefit but for the welfare of society. His love for religion and homeland is one reason KH. Mahrus Aly trained the santri in pencak silat to protect themselves from the invaders at that time. The situation and condition of the nation that is still in this colonial make KH. Mahrus Aly spirit in performing jihad which is manifested in its participation in war to defend independence. This is what makes the role of KH. Mahrus Aly in the war to maintain independence (1945-1946) in Surabaya was chosen for further investigation.

This research is conducted to find answers to the following questions how the background of life KH. Mahrus Aly? (2) how KH. Mahrus Aly in the struggle to maintain independence (1945-1946) in Surabaya? (3) how is the influence of KH struggle. Mahrus Aly in the struggle to maintain independence (1945-1946) in Surabaya?

The research method used is a historical method consists of title selection, heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The selection of the title of this paper is done with an origin and ability intellectual approach, which will facilitate the collection of data sources. These data sources also have criticism both internally and externally. The data has been obtained from various sources of data that have been through this criticism will be interpreted into a main idea which will then be compiled into historiographic.

The result is, KH. Mahrus Aly son of KH. Aly and Hashinah who live in Gedongan Village, Cirebon Regency. Last son of 9 brothers who have his little name Rusydi. Finally KH. Mahrus Aly until married daughter Zaenab from his teacher at Pondok Pesantren Lirboyo named KH. Abdul Karim. KH. Mahrus Aly also follows several other organizations known as NU and Hizbullah as one of the semi-military groups. His ability in martial arts is not only also channeled to his santri to train him directly in the preparation of war to maintain independence 1945-1946 in Surabaya. The strategy and use of the tools are presented by KH. Mahrus Aly to his troops as well as prayers that can help them in battle. The influence of KH. Mahrus Aly in the war to maintain independence in Surabaya is more emphasis on good preparation by equipping troops with a tool of bamboo pointed with the teachings of how to use it, guerrilla strategy and also some prayers that can be used to achieve victory by maintaining Surabaya is not occupied by the invaders. History has not taken sides to the fighters until finally the independence of Indonesia was only recognized at the KMB in Den Haag 1949.