SKRIPSI Jurusan Sejarah - Fakultas Ilmu Sosial UM, 2018

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Anasir Pra-Islam pada Kompleks Makam Sendang Duwur Paciran Lamongan

novita sari

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

 

Grave complex of Sendang Duwur has three buildings, gate, grave, dan mosque. Grave complex of Sendang Duwur has cultural elements from pre-Islamic era which still exists to this very time. Examples of prehistoric culture that is the existence of a grindstone, the Hindu-Buddhist period of gate building consists of paduraksa and bentar, and the Islamic period of the tomb and mosque. The location of the tomb complex on the Amitunon hill has similarities to prehistoric, Hindu-Buddhist, and Islamic beliefs of a high place is a sacred place. Grave complex of Sendang Duwur is one of the transition era built. This makes be seen from the buildings that still exist gates which is a Hindu culture consists of paduraksa and bentar. This makes grave complex of Sendang Duwur interseting to be a topic of research to understand more about the cultural continuity. 

The purpose of this study is (1) to know the background of the idea of ​​existence in the grave complex of Sendang Duwur (viewed from the architecture and decorative).

The research method used is a historical method consists of title selection, heuristics, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The selection of the title of this paper is done with an emotional and intellectual approach, which will facilitate the collection of data sources. These data sources also have criticism both internally and externally. The data has been obtained from various sources of data that have been through this criticism will be interpreted into a main idea which will then be compiled into historiographic.

According to the results of this research, there are at least. First, grave complex of Sendang Duwur is a site of heritage from Sunan Sendang, a figure who disseminated Islam in Paciran. The historical background of this grave complex is used to appreciate and commemorate the Sunan Sendang service to the Sendang Duwur village community who has helped in their welfare. The three buildings were built during Sunan Sendang. Second, elements of prehistoric in Sendang Duwur grave complex could still be found of whetstone. Hindu-Budha elements in Sendang Duwur grave complex could be seen in the six gates which have two styles, paduraksa and bentar, the cravings of the gates could also still indicate the remaining of Hindu-Budha elements with some kind of changes. Thirs, grave complex of Sendang Duwur still has cultural continuity from its location in Amitunon Hill, a whetstone, and a Shiva statue which now unfortunatelly could not be located anymore, gates, grave, and mosque. This is what shows the existence of the idea of the complexity of the grave complex of Sendang Duwur.

Keywords: pre-Islamic, grave complex, Sendang Duwur.