SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Citation Practices in the Introduction and Discussion Sections of Indonesian Writers’ Research Articles

Sabanta Azmah Bilfirdausi




To build a research environment, undergraduate students are now demanded to produce research article (RA) as one of requirements to graduate. Among many aspects to create persuasive RA, there is citation. However, it is widely acknowledged that in the process of writing RA, students rarely give attention to the citation. In fact, the use of citations will affect the persuasiveness of the RA itself. Therefore, this study is aimed to find out the use of citation observed from the types, the functions, and the reporting verbs in the RAs written by Indonesian EFL students.


This study was a corpus based approach. The corpus consisted of 34 research articles written by English department students of Universitas Negeri Malang. The citations in the introduction and discussion sections were taken as the data. Later on, the data were analyzed manually and using software called MorphAdorner and AntConc.


In results, the type was dominated with integral verb in both introduction and discussion sections while the occurrence of integral naming and non-integral citation were acknowledged differently in each section. Regarding the function, the introduction section was dominated with citation as support to the writer’s claim while the discussion section was dominated with citation as a comparison to sources with similar findings. For the reporting verbs (RVs), there were 47 RVs found in total. Either introduction or discussion section was dominated with the use of state/stated which was employed in different citation functions. Writers’ cultural and discipline background, writers’ position, insufficient knowledge about citation, evaluative vocabulary and the study area they investigate are the reasons which I strongly believe affect the writers in this trend of citing. Therefore, it is suggested that students are socialized into English discourse and academic writing practices which include citation practices in the curriculum.

Kata Kunci : Research Articles; Citation Practices; Citation Types; Citation Functions; Reporting Verbs; EFL Students