SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Grey Gardens: An Insight into the Dynamics of Big Edie and Little Edie’s Dysfunctional Relationship

Puspitasari Dian Ayu

Abstrak


SUMMARY

Puspitasari, Dian Ayu. 2019. Grey Gardens: An Insight into the Dynamics of Big Edie and Little Edie’s Dysfunctional Relationship. Thesis, Department of English, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. Advisors: (I) Drs.Kukuh Prayitno Subagyo, M.A., (II) Drs. Arif Subiyanto, M.A.

Keywords: mother-daughter relationship, dysfunctional relationship, attachment styles, Grey Gardens

Grey Gardens, directed by Albert and David Maysles, portrays the lives of formerly upper-class women, Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale (Big Edie) and her daughter Edith Bouvier Beale (Little Edie) living in their dilapidated mansion surrounded by the homes of the wealthy in East Hampton. Besides that wrenching life transformation, it is the dysfunctional relationship between these women which makes Grey Gardens worth retelling and discussing. This thesis seeks to understand Big Edie and Little Edie’s dysfunctional relationship as well as their attachments styles which interplay and create relationship dynamics.

The model of attachment style proposed by Bartholomew and Horowitz is employed to examine the said issue. It is divided into two models; the other model and the self-model. Those models interact to yield four attachment styles: Secure, Preoccupied, Fearful, and Dismissive. Those may not be able to explain every peculiarity of personality; however, it lays the foundations for a solid understanding of one’s relationship, particularly, when it comes to connecting and interacting with others.

The first result of the analysis is that the act of playing the blame game, giving threats of abandonment, and being overly critical and dominant are the factors of their dysfunctional relationship. From the four attachment style proposed by Bartholomew, Big Edie belongs to the fearful-avoidant attachment styles whereas Little Edie is more into dismissive-avoidant. Little Edie shows that she does not want to be controlled that she seeks relief through independence and autonomy while Big Edie’s shows fear of abandonment that she needs reassurance from her daughter by making sure that she does not leave her, even if it means that she has to undermine her daughter life.

The attachment styles which Big Edie and Little Edie, respectively, fall into, signify that there is codependency in their relationship, and it underlies the reason why they remain together or in Grey Gardens and are unable to part ways. Finally, this study can contribute to people who want to have a deep understanding regarding the complexity of the relationship between Big and Little Edie, and it is suggested that the study can also function as additional material for academic purposes and practitioners specifically for the literature students.

RINGKASAN

Puspitasari, Dian Ayu. 2019. Grey Gardens: Pemahaman mendalam tentang dinamika hubungan disfungsi Big Edie dan Little Edie. Skripsi, Jurusan Sastra Inggris, Fakultas Sastra Inggris, Universitas Negeri Malang.. Pembimbing: (I) Drs.Kukuh Prayitno Subagyo, M.A., (II) Drs. Arif Subiyanto, M.A.

Kata Kunci: hubungan ibu-anak perempuan, hubungan disfungsi, gaya kelekatan (attachment styles), Grey Gardens

Grey Gardens adalah film dokumenter garapan Albert dan David Maysles yang menggambarkan kehidupan mantan wanita kelas atas, Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale (Big Edie) dan putrinya Edith Bouvier Beale (Little Edie). Mereka hidup terpisah dari dunia luar di rumah rapuh dan kotor di East Hampton, kota New York. Selain transformasi kehidupan mereka yang memilukan, hubungan disfungsi antara keduanyalah yang menjadikan Grey Gardens layak diceritakan kembali dan didiskusikan. Tesis ini berusaha memahami hubungan disfungsional Big Edie dan Little Edie serta gaya kelekatan mereka yang saling mempengaruhi dan menciptakan dinamika hubungan.

Model gaya kelekatan (attachment styles) yang diusulkan oleh Bartholomew dan Horowitz digunakan untuk menguraikan permasalahan di atas. Model tersebut terbagi menjadi dua yakni; model pandangan terhadap diri dan orang lain. Model-model itu berinteraksi dan menghasilkan empat gaya kelekatan: kelekatan aman (secure), kelekatan terikat (preoccupied), kelekatan cemas (fearful). dan kelekatan lepas (dismissive). Empat model tersebut mungkin tidak dapat menjelaskan kekhasan setiap kepribadian individu, namun dapat dijadikan sebagai dasar pemahaman yang kuat untuk menjelaskan hubungan seseorang dalam interaksinya dengan orang lain.

Hasil analisa pertama menunjukkan bahwa tindakan saling menyalahkan, memberikan ancaman pengabaian, dan mendominasi dalam hubungan ibu-anak ini menjadi faktor utama penyebab hubungan disfungsi mereka. Dari empat gaya kelekaatan yang diajukan oleh Bartholomew, Big Edie masuk dalam dismissive style sedangkan Little Edie fearful-avoidant style. Little Edie bersikukuh bahwa ia sebenarnya tidak ingin dikendalikan sehingga ia berusaha mencari kebebabasan dan determinasi diri sementara Big Edie menunjukkan rasa takut akan pengabaian Little Edie sehingga ia berusaha untuk mengontrol hidup putrinya.

Hal ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa gaya kelekatan Big Edie dan Little Edie adalah tanda adanyanya kodependensi dalam hubungan mereka yang mana mendasari alasan mengapa mereka tetap bersama di Grey Gardens. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan pemahaman mendalam mengenai kompleksitas hubungan Big dan Little Edie. Bagi mahasiswa sastra, disarankan agar penelitian ini dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pembahasan untuk tujuan akademik