SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

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INDIRECTNESS ACROSS CULTURES: A COMPARISON BETWEENENGLISH AND INDONESIAN UTTERANCES IN ASKING FOR INFORMATION

Fikriyah Aini Zakiyatul

Abstrak


SUMMARY

Fikriyah, Aini Zakiyatul. 2019. Indirectness across Cultures: A Comparison between English and Indonesian Utterances in Asking for Information. Thesis, Department of English. Faculty of Letters. Universitas Negeri Malang. Advisors: (I) Prof. A. Effendi Kadarisman, Ph.D., (II) Aulia Apriana, S.S, M.Pd.

Keywords: Indirectness, Ini Talk Show, The Late Late Show.

Language is used as a communication tool for daily life. By means of language, people can convey messages and their intentions directly or indirectly. When people speak indirectly, people mean what they say but also mean something else, this is what we call indirectness in speech acts. This study intends to find out the ways of asking for information, which is one of the speech act principles employed by speakers, especially hosts and guests in both talk shows. There are two research questions:

(1) What motives of the indirect questions posed to the guests in the talk shows? And

(2) What meanings of different indirect questions asked by the hosts in the talk shows? This study uses a descriptive-qualitative design. From Ini Talk Show, and The Late Late Show, the data were derived through transcription of selected utterances containing indirectness between the hosts and the guests. All the duration of the videos is around five to twenty minutes, which were uploaded on a different date. From the results of this study, the researcher finds out that the Indonesian talk show often uses indirectness for humor. It is to create a jocular atmosphere of humor so that it gives a funny effect on the minds of the audience. Whereas, the English talk show mostly uses indirectness for politeness. It means that politeness is very significant to maintain a relationship with others and also consider other people's feeling. The different intended meanings of indirect utterances found in Ini Talk Show and The Late Late Show show up in different gestures and expressions. The researcher suggests the next researchers analyze indirectness based on gender by using other theories. So, there will be a new case of indirectness in the pragmatic field.