SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

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Using Digital Picture Series through Genre-Based Approach to Improve SMP PGRI 1 Batu Students' Ability in Writing a Recount Text

Putri Cintya Aulia



Putri, C Aulia. 2019. Using Digital Picture Series to Improve SMP PGRI 1 Batu Students’ Ability in Writing Recount Text. Undergraduate Thesis, English Department, English Language Teaching, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang, Advisors: (I) Prof. Dr. Nur Mukminatien, M.Pd, (II) Dr. Utari Praba Astuti, M.A.

Key words: Improving, Writing, Recount text, Digital Picture Series.

The aim of this study was to improve students’ ability in writing a recount text by using digital picture series. In the preliminary study, the average writing score was 60. There were only 6 students out of 34 students (17.6%) who could reach score ≥70. Students have difficulties in keeping their focus on class, developing ideas and they lack of grammar knowledge and vocabulary.

This study was one-cycle CAR, that is conducted in five meetings through some steps: plan the action (designing lesson plan, preparing the material and media, choosing research instruments, and determining the criteria of success), implementation (implement the action based on lesson plan), observation (the researcher collected data while she’s implementing the study), and reflection (the data is analyzed and interpreted according to the criteria of success, and reflected the action). The subjects of the study were 8C students of SMP PGRI 1 Batu in academic year of 2017/2018. The research instruments were interview guide, questionnaire, writing scoring rubric, and field notes. The data gained from interview, questionnaire, and field notes were analyzed to know the class condition and the teacher and students’ responses toward implementation of digital picture series in the teaching learning process.

The result showed that digital picture series was really helpful to solve students’ problems in writing recount text. The students also showed positive attitude toward the implementation of media. Students were interested and focused on teaching-learning process. It helped students in developing and organizing their ideas. They could choose appropriate vocabulary, used more accurate grammar and punctuation. There were 26 students out of 34 students that achieved school passing grade after the implementation of digital picture series. It achieved the criteria of success which at least 75% of students should pass school standard minimum score (76% of students achieved). The great improvement is also shown by improvement in average writing score which is 60 in preliminary study and 79 in final writing task.

Based on the findings, it is concluded that digital picture series could give good contributions to the students and the English teachers. It helped to solve students’ problem in generating and organizing their ideas, understanding text structures, enriching their vocabulary, using appropriate grammar and also motivating them in learning English. Teachers could use digital picture series as media to teach writing skill, especially writing recount text. Other researchers are suggested to pay attention to time allocation and use guided questions if they use this study as a reference to do further research.