SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

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A Comparison between Male and Female YouTubers in Using Assertive Speech Acts on Their Daily Vlogs.

Prabowo Vindya Casti

Abstrak


SUMMARY

Prabowo, Vindya Casti. 2019.  A Comparison between Male and Female YouTubers in Using Assertive Speech Acts on Their Daily Vlogs. Thesis. English Department, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. Advisors: (1) Maria Hidayati, S.S., M.Pd. (2) Prof. Dr. Yazid Basthomi, M.A.

Keywords: assertive speech acts, gender, YouTubers, vlogs

Everyone carries different information with a different style of speaking every day. Searle (1969) stated that daily information are commonly uttered with four types of assertive speech acts: informing, swearing, predicting, and reminding. Furthermore, it is undeniable that the information must be spoken differently by men and women. Lakoff (1973) claimed that women tend to say something with more specific words such as in naming color, get used to using hedges to make a statement less firm, oftentimes use tag questions; super polite forms; and empty adjectives. This research is conducted in order to find out whether or not Lakoff’s theory is still relevant to the factual condition in this era.

This study used descriptive qualitative design. 3 males and 3 females YouTubers with specific qualification were chosen as the research subjects. Their particular vlogs were analyzed by using InqScribe for the purpose of getting the full transcription of their utterances. Moreover, the utterances with assertive speech acts were categorized based on the features of women’s language proposed by Lakoff (1973).

The findings show the most frequently used assertive speech acts are in the form of informing and the least frequent use is swearing. There is no significant difference in terms of number among swearing, reminding, and predicting; however, a glaring dissimilarity comes from the frequency of informing between male and female YouTubers. The frequency of male YouTubers in delivering information is almost twice higher than the number of female YouTubers in giving information. In addition, the result of this study is not quite relevant to Lakoff’s theory which ubiquitously firm believe gender is the one and only logical way to differentiate women and men from their social space. In fact, there is no significant difference between male and female’s way of speaking on a daily basis. Similarities are more discovered than differences between them. Both male and female use specific vocabulary, tag question, hedge, empty adjectives, super polite forms, intensifiers, and unfinished statements.

For this reason, the readers are expected to not being judgmental of the way girls and boys should talk because of time changes, so do people communication. Furthermore, the researcher hopes that this research can be used as a reference for those are struggling and working on the area of speech acts or gender and language.