SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Gregor Samsa and Kafka’s Emerging Adulthood



Key Words: emerging adulthood, psychoanalysis, alienation, Franz Kafka, Metamorphosis

Kafka’s Metamorphosis is often seen as an autobiographical fiction and, undoubtedly, one of the most distinguished literary products in the modern era. He himself happened to write the work in the age of twenty nine, and its theme of Kafkaesque alienation is invariably intriguing and versatile to dissect. This study attempts to point out how the profound theme of alienation in Metamorphosis is actually the aftermath of Kafka’s failure in dealing with emerging adulthood. Further, this study aims at analyzing the importance of GregorSamsa as the ‘mirror’ of Kafka dealing with emerging adulthood, the expressions of Kafka’s emerging adulthood in GregorSamsa, and the redefinition of alienation in Metamorphosis regarding Kafka’s emerging adulthood. 

This study presents an analysis on how Kafka as the author of Metamorphosis had failed experiencing the features of emerging adulthood, so that it contributed to the creation of GregorSamsa, Gregor’s inescapably bleak fate, and the theme of alienation in Metamorphosis. Sources of data are collected from a novella Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Kafka’s letter entitled Letter to My Father. Along with the process of collecting the data are psychoanalysis and emerging adulthood as the theoretical framework used in this study.

The latter findings revealed that not only does the presence of GregorSamsa is crucial from the standpoint of a main character, but he also bore many allegorical features leading to the expressions of Kafka’s Emerging adulthood. The allegorical features then symbolize Kafka’s inability to undergo the five features of emerging adulthood perfectly, mostly in consequence of his bad relationship with his father. Therefore, Metamorphosis can be regarded as an allegorical piece that delivers Kafka’s fear and anguish as a ‘troubled’ and ‘isolated’ emerging adult in the past.

In conclusion, the existence of Gregor Samsa and Kafka’s Emerging adulthood is strongly interrelated to the extent it affects one of the most essential aspects of Metamorphosis, that is, the theme of alienation.This study is expected to be the brand new insight for psychoanalytical criticism which brings the theory of developmental psychology to light. For future researchers of Metamorphosis, it is suggested to obtain new meanings and interpretations by extending this study or employ other branches of psychology.