SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

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Developing a WebQuests Multimedia for Eleventh Graders' Writing Activity

Lestari Endang Fitri



Lestari, Endang Fitri. 2019. Developing a WebQuests Multimedia for Eleventh Graders’ Writing Activity. Sarjana’s Thesis. Department of English. Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. Advisors: (I) Dra. Nunung Suryati M.Ed., Ph.D., (II) Dr. Niamika El Khoiri M.A.

Keywords: WebQuests, multimedia, analytical exposition text

Writing is the most challenging skill among the four skill of English since it requires planning, drafting, revising, and final version. Many students have difficulties in mastering the skill caused by the lack of instructional media used in the learning activities which affects students’ engagement in learning English. The role of media in the learning activity is essential with the integration of technology development to keep up to date in today’s society.

The aim of the study is to develop an instructional multimedia in the form of WebQuests, a web based instructional multimedia. The media was developed to teach analytical exposition text to the eleventh grade students. The product was developed using AutoPlay Media Studio 8 and Adobe Flash Professional CS 5 program.

The study implemented the Research and Development design proposed by Borg and Gall (1983). The product was validated by two experts, a lecturer in Department of English Universitas Negeri Malang and an English teacher of SMAK Santa Maria. The product was revised and tried out to the 29 students of XI IPA 1 in SMAK Santa Maria. The data from the questionnaire and validation sheet were analyzed using percentage formula while the data driven from the interview, judgment, comment, and suggestions were analyzed using qualitative analysis proposed by Miles and Huberman (1994).

The product was developed with a chronological order of the learning process which involves drafting and peer review. The activities enhanced students’ confidence in learning writing with the combination of several types of media based on the students’ need. The product also gave motivation to the students because of the selected materials from some websites with a simple design and ear catching music. The online communication tools supported the students to connect to their English teacher or the creator easily when they use the program at home. The product was packed into a flash disk which made the teacher easier to distribute the application. According to the expert validators, the product was classified very good for teaching writing analytical exposition text. The similar result was gained from the tried-out to the students.

It is suggested for the teacher to use the media to motivate the students in the learning activity. For the school institution, it is suggested to provide two Mi-Fis. In addition, it is suggested for the future researcher or media developer to develop further program which minimized the weaknesses in this study with different topic, target, and concept design with the consideration of the technology development.