SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

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Psychological Analysis On The Deviant Behavior Of The MainCharacters Found In Edgar Allan Poe’s The Fall of The House of Usher and The Tell Tale Heart

Meylani Via Nur

Abstrak


SUMMARY

Meylani,ViaNur. 2018. Psychological Analysis On The Deviant Behavior Of TheMainCharacters Found In Edgar Allan Poe’s The Fall of The House of Usher and The Tell Tale Heart. Thesis.English Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Advisor: (I) Drs. KukuhPrayitnoSubagyo, M.A. (II) MochamadNasrulChotib, S.S, M. Hum.

Keywords: Psychoanalysis, Paranoia, Deviant Behavior, Defense Mechanism

This study is to reveal paranoia as presented in Edgar Allan Poe’s works The Tell Tale Heartand The Fall of The House of Usher and different defense mechanism represented through the deviant behavior of the characters. The data were collected through analyzed the actions and behaviors of the main characters in the tales. Moreover, book, journals, andwebsite were used to find the previous studies and supporting data related to the issue in this study. In this study, I employed Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory to find outwhat happen to the main characters psyche and to reveal the symptoms of paranoia through the main characters in Poe’s works The Tell Tale Heartand The Fall of The House of Usher. The result of the study shows that paranoia in Edgar Allan Poe’s short stories is revealed through the internal aspects of the characters and their internal conflicts.

Based on the finding in the discussion section, the main characters show the main symptoms of paranoid such as delusion, hallucination, and catatonia through the reflections of their unstable inner minds and their deviant behavior. Those conditions create deviant actions such as the main characters become the aggressors by attacking an innocent victim. Later, the deviant behaviors of the characters depict the paranoia mental disorder as their defense mechanism. Moreover, both characters showdifferent kind of defense mechanisms through their behavior. The main character of The Tell Tale Heart has three kind of defense mechanism Repression, Reaction Formation, and Rationalization. Meanwhile, the character of The Fall of The House of Usher shows different kinds of defense mechanism from the previous one. The first kind of defense mechanism is Denial, the second one is Projection and the last is Repression.