SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2018

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Turn-Taking Strategies Used by Male and Female Presenters in Talk Shows “Jimmy Kimmel Live!” and Ellen DeGeneres Show”

Nur Rivai

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

 

Turn-taking and its relation to gender study has been one of the issues regarding the implication in daily conversation. Therefore, many researchers have been interested in conducting research projects in this field. Related to the previous statement, this study aims at identifying the turn-taking strategies performed by male presenter named Jimmy Kimmel and female presenter named Ellen DeGeneres to the male and female guests, namely Anthony Anderson and Kate Hudson.

This study used qualitative method. The sources of the data were taken from the videos of talk shows namedJimmy Kimmel Live! and Ellen DeGeneres Show when both presenters were inviting Anthony Anderson and Kate Hudson in each show.The collected data were transcribed to identify the turn-taking strategy performed by both presenters based on Stenstrom theory (1994).

The findings revealed that (1) as the representation of male presenter, in conversation with male guest, Jimmy performed most ofthe strategies such as hesitant start, clean start, uptakes, links, alert, filled pause/ verbal fillers, silent pause, lexical repetition, a new start prompting and appealing. However, he did not apply metacommentand giving up strategy.Furthermore,in conversation with female guest, he used all the strategies, except hesitant start, metacomment, lexical repetition, a new start, and giving up strategy. (2) As the representation of female presenter, Ellen did not use metacomment, silent pause,and giving up strategies inher conversation with male guest. On the other hand, in conversation with female guest, she used all the strategies, except metacomment strategy.

In general, this study is presented to give a broader insight to the readers about turn-taking and its relation to the gender studies that focuses on how male and female presenters performed turn taking strategies which is expected to be theoretically and practically beneficial to be adopted in daily conversation. Besides, it is also expected that this studycan be one of the references for the future researchers who are interested in turn-taking and gender studies.