SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2009

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English as a Medium of Instruction in the International Laboratory Primary School of Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)

Lina Ismuninggar

Abstrak


English plays an important role as a medium of communication in the
globalization era. Considering the importance of English, Indonesian government
issued the decree no 20/2003 about the establishment of international standard
schools in every level of education. It aims to create quality Indonesian human
resources who are able to compete and collaborate globally so that Indonesia can
compete with other countries. As the attainment of the decree, nowadays there are
many international standard schools from primary until high school level.
English in international standard primary school is used as a medium of
instruction. The teachers are expected to be able to teach all the subjects in
English which is neither the students’ first language nor the teachers’. Teaching
using English is especially more difficult if the students are children of the first
grade of primary school who have no English background knowledge at all.
Therefore, it is interesting to investigate the use of English as a medium of
instruction in the first grade of international standard primary school.
This study was conducted to describe the use of English as a medium of
instruction in the first grade of the International Laboratory Primary School of
Universitas Negeri Malang (UM). The study specifically investigated the
frequency of the teacher in using English as a medium of instruction, the purpose
of the teacher uses English in her/his instruction, and the strategies the teacher
does to make her/his talk understandable.
This study applied descriptive design. The subject of the study was one of
the teachers of the first grade of the International Laboratory Primary School of
Universitas Negeri Malang (UM). The instruments used to collect the data were
observation forms, interview guide, and field notes. The data taken from those
instruments were analyzed and described, focusing on the frequency, the purpose,
and the strategies.
This study found out that the use of English as a medium of instruction in
the first grade class being observed reached about 88% of the total amount of the
utterances spoken by the teacher. She used English for almost all of purposes. She
used it to greet the students, instruct, discipline, present the material, ask and give
information, check students’ comprehension, give feedback, and praise the
students. She only used Indonesian (L1) in some special conditions that urged her
to do so to gain the purpose of the talk and the goal of the lesson: to convey the
moral of the lesson, to give feedback to noisy students, to translate the meaning of
the target language when she had no other way to make the students understand
her talk, to recheck and clarify students’ understanding, and to do private talk with the students. To provide comprehensible input in making the students understand
her talk, she did some linguistic and interactional adjustments. In linguistic
adjustments, the teacher used slower rate of speech, exaggerated intonation and
stress, basic and frequent vocabulary, more proper nouns, more definite pronouns,
more pauses, short sentences, and ungrammatical sentences. While in interactional
adjustments, the teacher did a lot of comprehension check, a lot of repetitions and
paraphrasing. She also made use of gestures, pictures, direct translation, and direct
answer.
Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the use of English as a
medium of instruction in the first grade of the International Laboratory Primary
School of Universitas Negeri Malang (UM) was very well established. However,
it is suggested for the teacher to explore more of her ability in using body
language, gestures and facial expression to attract and engage the students’
attention. Moreover, it is also beneficial for the teacher to use more of concrete
referents such as props, realia, and manipulatives to help the students understand
her talk better. Those two things can make talk more comprehensible.