SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

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Using Hot Potatoes 6 Application to Develop The Reading Comprehension of the Tenth Graders of SMK Negeri 4 Malang

Lia Ngatalina

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

 

Ngatalina, Lia. 2017. Using Hot Potatoes 6 Application to Develop

The Reading Comprehension of the Tenth Graders of SMK Negeri 4 Malang. Undergraduate Thesis, Department of English, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang. Advisors: (I) Dra. Sri Andreani, M.Ed. (II) Nur Hayati, S.Pd., M.Ed.

 

Keywords: reading comprehension, recount texts, Hot Potatoes 6 application.

A preliminary study conducted in SMK Negeri 4 Malang revealed that the students of grade X Computer and Network Engineering B had difficulties in reading comprehension due to their lack of reading interest, their low motivation to read and their lack of vocabulary that made it difficult for them to understand the text. According to the result of questionnaire in the preliminary study, the students said that they needed reading materials which make them interested to read. The students did not like to learn from textbook/handbook. They wanted computer-based material instead.

To overcome the problems, a classroom action research (CAR) was conducted. The researcher decided to use Hot Potatoes 6 application as the media to develop the students' reading comprehension. The researcher used three phase technique that consists of pre-reading activity, whilst-reading activity and post-reading activity. In the whilst-reading activity the students read the text then answered the reading comprehension test individually. Since some students had difficulties in comprehending the text the researcher helped by giving glossary, videos related the topic, and games. To enhance the students' interest in reading the researcher selected the reading materials which are in line with students' major and also designed more interactive and attractive medium.

The instruments used in this research covered reading comprehension tests, observation checklist, field notes, questionnaire, and interview guide. The criteria of success were: (1) 70% students show a gain of at least ten points in the reading comprehension test and (2) 70% students show positive responses toward the implementation of Hot Potatoes 6 application. This study was conducted in two cycles. At the end of the second cycle, the findings indicate that: (1) 71.875% of the students show a gain at least ten points in the reading comprehension test and (2) 96% of the students show positive responses toward the implementation of Hot Potatoes 6 application.

To conclude, the implementation of Hot Potatoes 6 application was considered successful in developing the students' reading comprehension of recount texts. It is suggested that English teachers who have similar problems use technologically-based media. For future researchers who are interested in conducting a similar study, Hot Potatoes 6 application needs to be developed further by completing the program with the glossary that can produce sound; it will help the students to learn how to pronounce the words. Moreover, the effect of sound also can be used to give feedback after answering the questions instead of emoticon. At last, the future researchers are suggested to create the program that can save the students' works.