SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

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Pet Names: A Genderlect Used by Young People to Address Best Friend(s)

Aprilia Eva Winanta

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

 

Winanta, A.E. 2017. Pet Names: A Genderlect Used by Young People to Address Best Friend(s). Thesis, Department of English, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Advisors: Prof. Dr. Siusana Kweldju, M. Pd., Drs. Arif Subiyanto, M.A.

 

Keywords: Pet Names, Genderlect, Best Friends, Addressing Term, Young People

This research is focused on investigating how young people used pet names as genderlect to address best friend(s). This research was leaded by a research problem; to seek kind of pet names used by young people to address best friend.

The data on this research was collected from 123 participants of Department of English Students of State University of Malang (UM) and active members of Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa Penulis (UKMP UM) by using purposive and snowballing sampling techniques also triangulation methods. The data, then, analyzed using genderlect theory and some relevant previous studies.

Based on the analysis above, it could be concluded that there are two major pet names used by young people to address their best friend(s); (1) Animate and (2) Inanimate pet names. Then, those major categories were sub-categorized into (1) Animate: (a) Humans, (b) Animals, and (c) Characters, while for (2) Inanimate was sub-categorized into (a) Language Feature, (b) Objects, (c) Food and Drink, (d) Job, and (e) Names.

Besides the categories, the results also show the frequency used in pet names. The frequency represents that between two major categories, the Inanimate category is the highest frequency of pet names that is used by the participants with the detail shows; Inanimate related to Language Feature is 190 or 74.80% participants used it and Animate related to Animals is 64 or 25.20% participants used it. The fewest are in Inanimate: pet names related to Job 4 or 1.57% users and pet names used in Animate: Pet names related to Plants 3 or 0.78% users.

 

All those findings support Tanen, (1990:5) on genderlect theory which states that women tend to be more powerful in private talk because they want to build connection. It supports Pitcher et.al (2013:2) on English Naming System which states that Womens’ pet names choices also lighter and more creative and unique to reduce offensive sense. Men tend to simplify by using heavier sounded pet names (Pitcher et.al 2013:2) more back channeling and real names as the pet names to address best friends because they want to convey their status among their community. It is also support Trudgil (2000:1) and Holmes (2001:1) on the influence of backgrounds of the participants in choosing pet names to address best friends.