SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2008

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Using Storytelling Technique to Increase the Listening Skills of the Fifth Grade Students of SDN Bunulrejo III Malang

Ayu Chandra Astari

Abstrak


Many educators have seen listening as a receptive communication skill which develops naturally. They think that by mastering speaking, one can automatically master listening. Therefore, not many teachers teach their students listening including the Primary Teachers.

To introduce the elementary school students to the listening activities, storytelling may be the best technique to be implemented. Storytelling refers to a technique of teaching English by presenting the materials or stories using gestures, intonations, demonstrations, actions, facial expression and perhaps visual media to help students understand the lesson.

This research use Kemmis and McTaggart’s model of Classroom Action Research. The subject of the research was 27 students of fifth graders class B at SDN Bunulrejo III. The result of the listening test in the Preliminary Study showed that only 41 % of the students got score above 60 and the mean score was only 48. The researcher then formulated the research problem which was “How can storytelling technique increase the listening skill of the fifth grade students?”

The research was done from October up to November 2008 and consisted of two Cycles. Cycle I was done in three meetings and Cycle II was done in two meetings. In each meeting, the researcher had prepared the Observation Sheet, Teacher’s Journal and Listening Comprehension Tests. There were two criteria of success that had to be achieved based on the result of the students’ test in the preliminary test; they were (1) the students’ mean score has to be over 60 in each meeting and (2) at least 50% of the students got score above 60 in each test.

The results in Cycle I was the mean scores were 61.5, 33.3 and 70. One mean was less then 60, so criteria 1 was not achieved. The percentages of the students who got scores above 60 were 67%, 26% and 82%. One was less than 50%, so criteria 2 was not achieved either and Cycle II needed to be conducted.

The researcher improved the technique by discussing the difficult words in the story before the storytelling time. The result in Cycle II was the mean scores reached 66.4 and 68.8 meaning the criteria 1 was achieved. The students who got score above 60 were 85% and 74% which meant criteria 2 could be achieved. The researcher then stopped the research since the criteria of success were achieved.

The research problem could be answered that storytelling could increase the listening skills of the fifth grade students of SDN Bunulrejo III Malang. The researcher concluded that the key points of success of the storytelling implementation in this research were (1) the implementation of the three stage procedures in teaching listening (pre, main and while storytelling), (2) the used of the multiple choice test form which did not make the students confused on how to answer it and (3) the used of media while telling the story.