SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2008

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Improving Reading Comprehension of Eleven Graders of MAN 3 Malang through SQ3R Strategy

Yuni Rahmah Indahyanti


This study was conducted on the basis of the preliminary study in MAN 3
Malang in which the researcher found that 54.3% of the eleven graders of IPA II
had lack ability in understanding the text. Their reading comprehension scores and
the class mean in the pre-test were below the passing grade of 7 which was 6.03.
As an attempt to overcome the students’ difficulty in reading comprehension, the
researcher implemented SQ3R strategy (survey, question, read, review, and
  This study took the design of class action research because it aimed at
improving the existing condition. In carrying out this study, the researcher acted
as the teacher and the English teacher of MAN 3 Malang acted as the observer.
The study was carried out in two cycles containing of four steps i.e. planning,
implementing, observing, and reflecting. The subjects of the study were 35 eleven
graders of IPA II of MAN 3 Malang in the academic year 2007/2008. The data
were collected through two research instruments: observation sheet and reading
comprehension tests. All the data were analyzed, and the result of the analysis was
compared to the criteria of success defined in this study to see whether or not they
were achieved. 
  The findings showed that the SQ3R strategy could improve the students’
achievement in reading comprehension. First, the numbers of the students who
obtained the score of higher than or equal to 7 has increased from 32 students
(91.4 %) in cycle 1 to 34 students (97%) in cycle 2. Second, the mean of the
students’ scores in reading comprehension also improved from 6.03 in the pretest
to 7.9 in cycle 1 and 8.3 in cycle 2. Third, the number of the students who made
improvement of at least 0.5 point in their reading comprehension increased from
24 students (68.6%) in cycle 1 to 26 students (74.3%) in cycle 2.
It was also found that having an observer during the teaching and learning
process of reading comprehension using SQ3R strategy was very beneficial and
helpful since the researcher has to focus on implementing the strategy. Another is
that the implementation of SQ3R strategy in teaching and learning of reading
comprehension needed more time and energy since it has many steps to do.  
  Based on the findings above, some suggestions can be proposed for
English teachers and other researchers. For the English teachers, it is suggested
that they implement SQ3R strategy to improve the students’ reading
comprehension achievement. They should make a good preparation before
implementing SQ3R strategy. They are also suggested to keep giving help and
guidance during the implementation of SQ3R strategy, and give a clear instruction
to the students in every step of SQ3R to avoid misunderstanding on the instruction
given. For the next researchers, it is suggested that they conduct the similar study   ii
in different levels with different types of text in a similar problem to see whether
SQ3R strategy also applicable and effective to improve the students’ reading
comprehension achievement.