SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2008

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The Application of Derby Writing Technique to Promote Students’ Productivity in Writing EFL Compositions

Febby Wulandari Aquaningsih

Abstrak


Compared to the other three language skills (listening, speaking, and reading),
writing has been considered as the most difficult skill for EFL students to learn and
develop.  Furthermore, a preliminary study on writing found that the students of Grade X
Restaurant 3 SMK Negeri 3 Blitar showed resentment toward EFL writing task. The
students were too preoccupied by fears of making mistakes due to limited language
knowledge. The preoccupation troubled the students in generating ideas for writing and
resulted in short and unattractive compositions. Correspondingly, the present study
employed the action research design in promoting the students’ productivity in writing
EFL compositions.
A set of pretest and posttest on writing with predetermined time and topic was
employed to measure the students’ productivity in EFL writing. The results of the paired
sample t-test analysis, which was employed to measure the significance of the difference
between the means of pretest and posttest, indicated that the application of Derby Writing
has increased students’ productivity in writing EFL compositions.
This study also employed questionnaire in order to find out the students’ responses
toward the application on the Derby Writing technique. The tally results suggested the
students’ positive responses on the application of Derby Writing in terms of generating
ideas, increase in confidence as well as enthusiasm in writing EFL compositions, and the
raise in the number of students who perceive writing as a fun activity. In addition, the
students strongly recommended the application of Derby Writing technique as one of the
prewriting activities. 
Generally, the students’ written comments in the given space of the questionnaire
were quite various. The comments varied from the affirmation on the students’ positive
responses toward the application of Derby Writing technique as stated in the
questionnaire items, the recommendations on the application of Derby Writing as one of
the prewriting activities in future writing tasks, to the expressions of boredom and
insignificance of performing Derby Writing exercises in English language learning.
From the field notes of both the researcher and the teacher, it was observed that
students might face difficulties in the initial application of the technique. However, once
the students were familiar with the rules and what to expect from the task, the students
were quite interested and eager to perform Derby Writing. Furthermore, there was an
increasing sense of confidence noticed from the students’ attitude during the drafting
process. 
Based on the description of the samples of students’ compositions, there were
indications of careful ideas selection and thoughtful editing from the Derby Writing
product into the first draft. Even though the students’ first draft compositions have not met standards of the high qualified writing products, they were prospective to be
developed into better final products through multiple drafts. However, there were
indications that the students have inappropriately applied the rules of Derby Writing—
particularly the use of Indonesian terms and the irrelevant sentence ‘I don’t know what to
write’—to boost the word production in their EFL compositions.
Based on the findings of the study, the researcher recommends the teacher to
continue applying Derby Writing technique as one of the prewriting activities in future
writing tasks and adjust the procedures according to the students’ level of proficiency and
interest, classroom conditions, and curriculum demand. Furthermore, future research in
relation to the present study is recommended on applying the Derby Writing technique
with different setting and/or subjects, promoting different aspects of students’
compositions—particularly in terms of accuracy and quality—as well as modifying the
procedures of Derby Writing and the succeeding activities to see how the results would
differ from the present study. In addition, the study in Derby Writing technique is open to
research issues, such as the speed and fluency in writing.