SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

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Using Comic Strips to Improve Students Reading Comprehension on Recount Text in Grade Eight of SMPN 2 Malang.

Listiorini .

Abstrak


ABSTRACT

 

Listiorini. 2017. Using Comic Strips to Improve Students Reading Comprehension on Recount Text in Grade Eight of SMPN 2 Malang. Undergraduate Thesis, Department of English, Faculty of Letter, State University of Malang. Advisor:  (I) Dr. Utari Praba Astuti, M.A., (II) Nunung Suryati, M.Ed., Ph.D.

 

Key words: reading comprehension, comic strips

 

Reading comprehension is a process of understanding the meaning or content that written in the text. This process aims to get information from the text. Based on the result of preliminary study conducted in SMP Negeri 2 Malang, it was found that students in VIIIB class had problem in reading comprehension. The problem might be caused by their lack of vocabularies in reading. In addition, the students were not actively participated in reading activity. Considering the problem occurred in preliminary test, comic strips were decided to be used to improve students’ reading comprehension in recount text. Comic strips were chosen to overcome the problem because they contain text and also colorful pictures that could increase students’ interest when they read the text. So, comic strips were expected to improve students’ reading comprehension.

The research design used in this research was Classroom Action Research. This research was done in one cycle that involved four stages namely planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. The research was conducted in three meetings. This research focused on students’ reading comprehension score, students’ response toward the implementation of comic strips, and students’ active participation during the implementation of comic strips. In identifying students’ improvement in reading comprehension, interview guide, questionnaire, observation checklist and field note were used in collecting the data

The result of this research showed that the use of comic strips was successful in improving students’ reading comprehension.  The criteria of success had been achieved that more than 75% of students obtain score more than 80 (good level). None of students failed on the minimum passing grade 75 and the level of students’ reading comprehension was improved from “fair’” level to “good” level even “excellent” level. Based on the observation checklist, more than 80% students were actively participating during the implementation of the study. Moreover, the students gave positive responses toward the use of comic strips in recount text. It was showed in the questionnaire that all of students agreed that the use of comic strips increased students’ reading ability in recount text. They also agreed that comic strips were very helpful in comprehending the recount text.

Based on the findings, this research was successful because the criteria of success have been reached. So, for the English teachers, it is suggested used comic strips to be practiced in their class which has been proven in improving students’ reading comprehension. For the future researchers, it is suggested to use other text and implement it into comic strips. Students are more motivated to study using picture and text rather than only by using text without pictures. This research also can be a reference to conduct the same or even used different text.