SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2007

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

The Use of Forms of Address in Phantom of the Opera

Dewianti Khazanah


The principle of language usage is determined by the social interaction of
the people in a community. Thus, the use of language by the speakers might
convey the degree of power and solidarity that lie between them. These social
realities are conveyed by the speakers  use of social deixis: the encoding of social
distinctions that are relative to the participant-roles, particularly aspects of the
social relationship holding between speaker and the addressee(s) or speaker and
some referents. One of the kinds of social deixis which is used by speakers is form
of address. The way the speakers address the addressees can describe the social
relationship between them.
This research tries to observe the use of forms of address by the characters
in the Phantom of the Opera novel. By doing this research, the researcher tries to
elaborate how the forms of address which are used by the characters explain the
dimension of power and solidarity which were created by the author of the novel.
This research is analyzrd based on forms of address flowchart which was
developed by Ervin Tripp in 1971.
The research of the use of forms of address in Phantom of the Opera
shows that 1) Title + Last Name is used to mark the professional position of the
characters in the novel, 2) Monsieur + Last Name is a sex based forms of address
that is used to mark the distance, degree of formality, and the notion of non-
familiarity between characters, 3) Madame + Last Name is used as the forms of
address to set formality setting to woman employees in the opera house, and form
of address which is dedicated to a respected addressee, 4) Mademoiselle + Last
Name is used to set a formality setting and distance between the speaker and the
addressee, 5) Kinship + Last Name is used to address someone who is considered
as a family member, 6) First Name is used to refer an inferior, strengthen the
degree of intimacy between the speaker and the addressee, and address someone
whose identity is revealed, 7) Multiple Names or the terms of endearments are
used to show the speaker s sexual intimacy toward the addressee.