SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

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Off-task Behavior of Fifth Graders during English Lessons in SDN 04 Wates Blitar

Deka Nanda Kurniawati




Small class is frequently assumed as a guarantee of good students’ engagement. However, the fifth graders in a small class in SDN 04 Wates, Blitar exhibited the opposite situation. Therefore, considering this situation, it was important to conduct a study aimed to know and describe the fifth graders’ activities indicating off-task behavior during English lessons, the number of students being off-task, the factors causing off-task behaviors, the teacher’s reactions, and students’ responses towards teacher’ reactions.

A descriptive qualitative design was used to answer all the research questions. It involved the English teacher and all fifth graders as the subjects of study. The researcher was the main instrument in collecting data. Questionnaire, interview and observation technique were used to ease the data collection. In analyzing the data, the researcher did familiarizing, coding/reducing, and summarizing or interpreting.

Based on the results of data analysis, the researcher concluded that the number of the fifth graders being off task in SDN 04 Wates, Blitar was quite high. It was caused by some factors namely the students’ disinterest towards English, classroom factors related to English schedule and uninteresting teaching methods and media, the teacher’s classroom management skill, gender and young learners’ characteristics. In addition, it was also caused by low parental involvement towards education and students’ friendship or peers. The teacher’s reactions did not always work perfectly because of students' characteristic, circumtances and students’ strong sense of the absence of the teacher’s withitness.  

Based on the conclusions, the researcher suggest that English teachers should select interesting methods and media suitable for young learners’ characteristics especially those that encourage students’ imagination and active interaction or physical activity with their friends and environment. Teachers should also be prepared for classroom management, and be aware of both positive and negative students’ behaviors. In addition, teachers should invite students in the rule making process, so they will be responsible for everything happening in the class.


For further research, the researcher suggest that the next researchers do more research on good classroom management in a small class or do some action research aimed to overcome students’ off-task behaviors.