SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Incongruity in Verbal Humor in the Comedy Show 'Waktu Indonesia Bercanda'

Feny Fitria Dewi




Humor has become a part of our social and cultural history since ages ago and becomes more popular nowadays.Many people see humor as something essential in their lives due to its benefits in many aspects. There are three basic types of humor, one of which is verbal humor. Verbal humor is the most frequently used and the common one to create something funny. It is a type of humor that can be analyzed by linguistic approach since it deals with linguistic units. In humor, there are three basic theories, including incongruity. Incongruity focuses on the humorous effect that occurs due to the contrary between what the hearers expect to come with what actually comes.Some linguistic aspects are used in incongruity to evoke the humorous result, including ambiguity. This study aims to identify the types of incongruity trigger verbal humor in the comedy show Waktu Indonesia Bercanda and found out the logical structures of those types.

The research design of this study is descriptive qualitative. The data of this study are taken from a crossword game named Teka-TekiSulit in Indonesia comedy show Waktu Indonesia Bercandain NET TV. The researcher selected 20 random episodes from November 2016 to February 2017 which were downloaded from official YouTube channel NET. After getting the data, the researcher started to analyze and categorize the incongruity that occurs in that show. The final step was concluding the types of incongruity and the logical structures of those types.

The findings show that there are two major types of incongruity that appear in Waktu Indonesia Bercanda; the manipulation of linguistic ambiguity (29%) and the manipulation of non-linguistic ambiguity (71%). There are some sub-types of the first type; those are lexical ambiguity (54%), syntactic ambiguity (17%), phonological ambiguity (15%), orthographic play (12%), and morphological ambiguity (2%). The second type, on the other hand, only has two sub-types; twisting logic (92%) and semiotic play (8%). Twisting logic can still be broken down into some different types since the use of it in this study is quite abundant. There are five minor types of twisting logic which are specific vs. general (40%), part of speech changing (24%), common vs. uncommon (19%), part-whole trap (15%), and the contrary of common expectation (2%). The logical structure of the types of incongruity that have been found is built from the manipulation of linguistic ambiguity through the use of lexical, syntactical, phonological, orthographic, and morphological, and from the manipulation of non-linguistic ambiguity through the use of twisting logic and semiotic play.


This study suggests the students of linguistics to take a closer look to the study of humor since there are many interesting aspects of it that can be learnt. For the future researchers, this study can be their reference in conducting a research about humor in different aspect. People in general can also learn humor deeper because it helps them to get along with groups of people and make friends.