SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

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Attitudes in Donald Trump's Presidential Announcement Speech

Yurizal Santoso




Santoso, Yurizal. 2017. Attitudes in Donald Trump’s Presidential Announcement Speech. Thesis, English Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Advisors: (1) Aulia Apriana, S.S., M.Pd.. (II) Prof. Dr. Yazid Basthomi M.A.


Keywords: presidential announcement speech, Appraisal theory,  attitude, Affect, Judgement, Appreciation.

Presidential announcement speech plays an important role in the process of making decision for political power in countries. However, few studies have been carried out concerning their discourse semantic functions, lexicogrammatical properties, and production process. Therefore, the main purpose of this work is to analyze an appraisal analysis of the discourse of Donald Trump’s Presidential Annuncement Speech and focusing on Attitude (Affect, Judgement, and Appreciation). The main theoretical framework the researcher draws upon in this work is Appraisal theory (Martin, 1997, 2000; Martin & Rose, 2003; Martin & White, 2005; White, 2000; Hood, 2004).

The research design of this study is descriptive qualitative method which tries to interpret and formulate the patterns of Attitude applied by Donald Trump’s presidential announcement speech. The data are in the form of transcriptions that were taken from The process of analyzing the data was started from collecting the data followed by classifying the data based on the theory in Chapter I, analyzing, discussing the findings and then drawing the conclusion.

Through the analysis and study, this reveals that in the Atitude system, Affect turns to be the least presentation; and more Judgement occurs rather than Affect and Appreciation. There were 506 clauuses consist of 57 Affects, 98 Judgements, and 87 Appreciations. Negative Attitudes in the speech were used more than Positive Attitudes. The use of Negative more often in the speech portrayed himself as a subjective leader who could analyze problem and find the solutions based on what he believes in.


It is suggested that the English linguistic students can find other examples which are related to this topic particularly in speech. Furthermore, there should be further research on Attitude, not only its distribution but also how the numeric numbers imply.