SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

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Oral Retelling Technique as Reading Comprehension Enhancement for Tenth Graders of SMA Brawijaya Smart School

Qurrotu Inayatil Maula




Maula, Qurrotu Inayatil. 2017. Oral Retelling Technique as Reading Comprehension Enhancement for Tenth Graders of SMA Brawijaya Smart School. Thesis, English Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Advisors: (I) Dr. Utari Praba Astuti, M.A., (II) Dra. Siti Nurul Muthmainnah, M.A.

Key Words: reading comprehension, oral retelling technique, prompt for retelling rubric, retelling rubric

The main goal of reading is to comprehend what is being read so that readers can get any information from the text. However, most of the students of class X- 2 of SMA Brawijaya Smart School faced difficulty in comprehending an English text because they had difficulty in identifying main idea of each paragraph and organization of ideas of the text they read, and they did not have enough vocabulary. Then, to solve the students’ problems, oral retelling technique was proposed. It was chosen because it could help students reconstruct meaning, make sense between students’ background knowledge and information from the text they read, and distinguish main idea and supporting idea. Moreover, it could help the teacher know whether the students really comprehend the text they read.

This study used Collaborative Classroom Action Research (CAR). It was done collaboratively with the English teacher of X- 2. This study was done following the steps of CAR: planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. Data about the students’ progress were collected using a reading comprehension test, retelling rubric, and field notes. Data about the students’ participation were collected using observation checklist. Data about the students’ opinion towards the implementation of oral retelling technique were collected using a questionnaire. Then, it was found that there were 20 students or 74% who could get score more than 65. Besides, the percentage of the students’ participation during the implementation of oral retelling technique showed that 89% of the students could participate actively in the learning process. In addition, most of the students thought that oral retelling technique helped them identify main idea and the structure of the text they read, and helped them improve their speaking skill. Therefore, they were able to comprehend more about a text they read. Regarding to those results, it showed that oral retelling technique could enhance students’ reading comprehension


The steps that result in the students’ progress are as follows. First, the researcher introduces a topic related to the text that the students should read by showing pictures, playing a video, and giving some simple questions. Second, the students are asked to read a text in groups. While reading, they have to write the main idea of each paragraph in a prompt for retelling rubric. Third, all members in each group should retell based on what they understand from the text they read. In this case, they are only allowed to bring their prompt for retelling rubric. Fourth, the students should answer some reading comprehension questions related to the text they read. Fifth, the students and researcher fills a retelling rubric.