SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

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PERLOCUTIONARY ACTS SEEN IN UTTERANCES CONTAINING HEDGES BY AN AUTISTIC FIGURE IN TEMPLE GRANDIN’S MOVIE

Miranti Widhasari

Abstrak


Children who are diagnosed with autism are usually based on abnormalities of their communication. The image of autistic individual is well depicted in the movie Temple Grandin, in which the main character is an autistic individual called Temple Grandin.The focus of this study is not only in the scope of perlocutionary and hedges, but also linking with the behavior of autistic individuals. In additon, this research also provides several behaviors shown by Temple Grandin when she has conversation with other characters. This study supports the theory of perlocutionary by Austin (1962) and Searle (1969), theory of hedges by Lakoff (1972) and Brown&Levinson (1978), and also theory of autism by Happé (1993) and Baron-Cohen (1994).

There are several steps needed to obtain the proper data. First, after deciding the movie and downloaded the movie, the data taken from the transcription were filtered based on Grandin’s dialogues and other main character’s dialogues. The next step is categorized the utterances and grouped the utterances in types of hedges based on Salager-Meyer’s taxonomy of (1997) and Sukarni’s taxonomy of hedges (2007). After that, explained the functions of each hedges used in the data, related the utterances with perlocutionary act and adds autism behavior.

The research findings show that main characters use eight types of hedges. Those eight hedges are modal auxiliary verb (MAV); modal lexical verb (MLV); adjectival, adverbial, and modal noun phrase (AAM); approximators of degree, quantity, frequency, and time (AAP); introductory phrase (IP); if-clause (IC); hedges combined with the use of emphatics (HCE); and strong words (SW). The findings also show that the four main characters use 23 hedges functions out of 120 utterances. Moreover, there are 120 utterances cause perlocutionary acts in Temple Grandin’s movie. As an autistic individual, Tempe Grandin shows three characteristics of autistics behaviors; social symptoms, communication difficulties, and repetitive behavior.

This study is expected to give new sight and information about the autistics communication, hedges and perlocutionary act. Meanwhile, despite providing the explication of hedges, perlocutionary act, and autism as the references, future studies may develop this study deeper, especially on the aspect of neurolinguistics which explains more deeply about autistic behavior