SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2017

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

EMPLOYING CONCEPT-BASED INSTRUCTION (CBI) TO IMPROVE THE SPEAKING ABILITY OF TENTH GRADERS OF SCIENCE PROGRAM AT PUBLIC SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 2 PROBOLINGGO

Anis Firdatul Rochma

Abstrak


The research was conducted to find out how Concept-Based Instruction (CBI) improved the speaking ability of 10th graders of Public Senior High School 2 Probolinggo. The researcher implemented the strategy by teaching speech acts to the students along with Concept Based Instruction (CBI) followed by observing the teaching-learning activities in the classroom. As the final step, reflecting was done to know how much the strategy had improved the speaking ability of the students in using CBI as the learning strategy and speech acts as the materials.

Concept-Based Instruction provided the students to move through three stages: orientation, execution, and control. In the orientation stage, the researcher had to introduce the material first to the students. In the execution stage, the students were regularly given interaction speaking tasks using CBI strategy. In this stage, also the researcher along with the language students evaluated their performances. Moving on to the control stage, the students were encouraged to do speaking performance in order to see their improvement in speaking ability.

The finding showed that the students’ speaking ability had been improving. Almost all of the students (98%) passed the passing grade (83). The total average score for their speaking performance was 85.8. Their average score for pronunciation was 3.1. The average score for fluency was 3.7. Their average score for accuracy was 3.2. In addition, the students’ average score for content was 3.5, while their average score for performance was 3.6. In this research, the researcher also found that the students had already gained their confidence in speaking English. They already tried to communicate in English with their peers in the classroom.

Finally, the researcher concluded that CBI strategy successfully improved the students’ speaking ability. In addition, they were also actively involved in speaking activity. The students’ speaking performance in the control stage showed that the students were able to speak and communicate in English using the right pronunciation. Other speaking aspects, such as fluency and accuracy, of the students speaking performance also improved.

tyle='text-align:justify'>The suggestions from this study were directed to the English teachers and the further researchers. For the English teachers, it is suggested to use clueless game since it can help the students building their vocabulary. For the future researchers, especially those who want to conduct the same scope of study, it is suggested to use the media as an alternative strategy for teaching vocabulary to the different level of students.