SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2016

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A CASE STUDY ON INDONESIAN CONSONANT SOUNDS ACQUISITION PROCESS IN CHILDREN FIRST LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

PUTRI LATIFATUR RABBANIAH

Abstrak


ABSTRACT

 

Rabbaniah, Putri Latifatur. 2015. A Case Study on Indonesian Consonant Sounds Acquisition Process in Children First Language Acquistion. Thesis, English Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Supervisor: Aulia Apriana, S.S, M.Pd,; Co-supervisor: Evy Nurul Laily Zein, S.S, M.A.

Keywords: Phonological, Consonant, Acquisition

Everyday people are involved in a communication activity with others. In doing that, they use a means called language to express everything they want. Language helps people in articulating an abstact thing in their brain into a concrete thing in the form of meaningful sounds. However, by nature babies are not born speaking a language in the way adults do. They must learn language in order to be able to communicate with others. During language acquisition process, sometimes babies experience several problems. A problem commonly faced by children is they produce speech errors or do a wrong pronunciation in their early language development. To overcome that, children often use a simplification to make a word easier to be spoken.

This research is a descriptive qualitative in collecting the data and research subjects of this study are two children (a male and female) who are around 2 years old with Bahasa Indonesia as their native language. The reasearch focuses on the analysis how they acquire speech sounds of Bahasa Indonesia especially the consonant sounds by looking at the pronunciation of the words. The researcher took fourth times recording of each children in order to find out what consonant sounds of Bahasa Indonesia are acquired by the children at that age and what are consonant sounds production pattern are occured mostly frequently as the aims of this research.

The findings show that the male child has acquired 16 consonant sounds of Bahasa Indonesia with the amount of words are 508 words. While the female child has acquired 15 consonant sounds of Bahasa Indonesia with the total words are 239 words. Then, the researcher found that the phonological deviation mostly used by Steven and Atika is consonant reduction which is a pattern used by  the children in order to delete one or more consonant sounds from a consonant cluster in that word.. Next, the second phonological deviation used by the research subjects is either a consonant (consonant harmony) or a vowel (vowel harmony) of a target syllable appears twice in child’s word or partial reduplication. There are also thers pattern that used by children, the male child used velar fronting, context sensitive voicing, final consonant deletion and consonant harmony in 1 type of consonant sound, and stopping and gliding of liquids in 2 consonant sounds of Bahasa Indonesia for each pattern. While the female child did velar fronting, final consonant deletion, and consonant harmony in 1 kind of consonant sound for each sound. The last, she used gliding of liquids in 2 kinds consonant sounds of Bahasa Indonesia.

 

Finally, it can be concluded that /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/, /s/, /h/, /c/, /j/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /l/, /w/, and /y/ are acquired by the male child and the female child are acquired /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/, /s/, /h/, /c/, /j/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /l/, and /y/ at the age of two years old. Then they are mostly used cluster reduction and partial reduplication as a simplification of the sounds they cannot be pronounced. This research can be used as research reference for future researcher on phonology and psycholingusitics, especially in the children phonological acquistion analysis. It is expected that there will be future researchers conducting research on phonological acqusition in broader context by using different methods to give more significant contributions academically.