SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2015

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Gender Stereotype in Language Differences Represent through Anthropomorphic Characters in "Alice in Wonderland"

Mar'atul Mochtar




Mochtar, Mar'atul. 2015. Gender Stereotype in Language Differences Represent through Anthropomorphic Characters in "Alice from Wonderland". Thesis, English Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Advisor: Maria Hidayati, S.S., M.Pd. and Dr. Mirjam Anugerahwati, M.A.


Keywords: gender stereotype, language differences, anthropomorphism, Alice in Wonderland movie.


Since 1975, a lot of research has been conducted on gender studies. The present study aims at discussing gender stereotype in the language differences aspects which appear in the conversation between anthropomorphic characters of Alice in Wonderland movie. There are four stereotypes which have been constructed in the society use as the main discussion for this study based on Romaine’s theory in 2001: (1) men interrupt more in conversation, (2) women use more politeness forms, (3) women tend to use weak expletive words, and (4) women give more compliments. Besides, those stereotypes are also used to determine the representation of gender of those anthropomorphic characters.

The research design of this study is descriptive qualitative. The primary data were taken from the conversation where 6 anthropomorphic characters are included on it, they are: (1) White Rabbit, (2) Dormouse, (3) Absolem, (4) March Hare, (5) Cheshire Cat, and (6) Talking Flower. In this study, the researcher wrote and noted some conversations which contain those gender stereotypes spoken by those anthropomorphic characters.

The findings of this study show that from 21 conversations, there are 38% of interruptions happen. The use of politeness forms occurred up to 66% from conversations. All the weak expletive words and compliments were given by characters appeared only 23%. From those conversations also the researcher can find that White Rabbit, March Hare and Cheshire Cat which are male characters represent women gender while Dormouse and Talking Flower which actually female characters represent men gender. Only Absolem whose his gender conform his true sex as a male. As the result, the researcher has different findings with other studies that support the stereotypes (e.g Lakoff (1973), West& Zimmerman (1975), O’Barr& Atkins (1980), Holmes (1995) and Xia (2013)).


From the result of this study, it can be concluded that all the stereotypes that have been found reversing the general stereotypes and only one anthropomorphic character that the speech represented the gender and the other five did not truly represent their gender. This study is suggested for future researchers and movie makers. Future researhers may use more stereotypes of gender and language to expand this study and investigate other aspects of anthropomorphism. For movie makers, they should be aware that the language use for men and women is different so they be able to portray anthropomorphic characters naturally.