SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Inggris - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2009

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LEXICAL ANALYSIS ON THE HEROIC AND VILLAINOUS CHARACTERS’ DEPICTION OF RUSHDIE’S HAROUN AND THE SEA OF STORIES

citra Dwi Marlia Rhochayati

Abstrak


ABSTRACT

 

Rhochayati, Citra D. Marlia. 2009. Linguistic Analysis on the Heroic and Villainous Character's Depiction of Salman Rushdie's Haroun and the Sea of Stories. Thesis, English Department, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Advisor: Drs. M. Misbahul Amri, M.A.

 

 

 

Key words: linguistic, heroic, villainous, characters' depiction, Haroun and the Sea of        Stories

 

The study of language is important, for it can reveal or conceal people's personal identity, character and background whether consciously or unconsciously (Chaika, 1982:2). Based on the notion above, the writer is interested in conducting a study towards one of attention grabbing novels-Rushdie's Haroun and the Sea of Stories-to investigate whether or not the use of lexical items contribute to the depiction of the heroic and villainous characters. On this basis, the writer will further analyze the author's style in depicting the characters. Another reason for strengthening the conduction of this study is the little attention paid towards the linguistic aspect of the novel. This is descriptive study and employs textual analysis using library research as data collection technique. From the checklist of linguistic and stylistic categories provided by Leech and Short (1984:75), the writer limits this study on the investigation on the use of lexical categories, particularly, the use of reporting verbs, verbs of perception, adverbs of manner and adjectives which are attributed to Haroun as the hero and Khattam Shud as the villain.

            The results of this study show that different lexical items have different degrees of significance in depicting characters. The choice of particular verbs (reporting verbs and verbs of perception) does not contribute strongly to the depiction of characters since there is only small evidence which prove that. For the adverbs of manner, its use does contribute more to the character's depiction than for the verbs. However, all of those require context consideration. Whereas, the choice of adjectives attributed to the characters contributes strongly to the depiction of Haroun and Khattam Shud. Moreover, by identifying those lexical items' use, the writer draws some points related to author's style in depicting the characters. First, context plays important role in depicting characters by diction. Secondly, Haroun's childish nature is emphasized by the use of various positive and negative lexical items which implies character inconsistency. Thirdly, there is an exaggeration of how dreadful and terrifying Khattam Shud is, by the frequent and repetitious use of adjectives. The last one, by the use of limited number of adjectives, the hero is depicted to be as ordinary as possible, avoiding heroism exaggeration.

 

 

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Rhochayati, Citra D. Marlia. 2009. Linguistic Analysis on the Heroic and Villainous Character's Depiction of Salman Rushdie's Haroun and the Sea of Stories. Skripsi, Jurusan Bahasa Inggris, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing: Drs. M. Misbahul Amri, M.A.

 

 

 

Kata kunci: linguistik, lexical, penggambaran karakter, karakter pahlawan dan musuh, Haroun and the Sea of Stories

 

Mempelajari bahasa sangatlah penting, karena melalui bahasa, secara sadar maupun tidak sadar, identitas diri seseorang, karakter beserta latar belakangnya dapat terungkap atau bahkan tersembunyikan (Chaika, 1982:2). Berdasarkan pernyataan di atas, penulis tertarik untuk melakukan sebuah penelitian terhadap sebuah novel yang cukup menarik perhatian-Haroun and the Sea of Stories oleh Salman Rushdie-untuk mengetahui apakah penggunaan item linguistik pada khususnya lexical memberikan kontribusi terhadap penggambaran karakter pahlawan dan musuh. Pada tujuan ini, penulis secara lebih jauh akan menganalisis gaya pengarang novel tersebut dalam menggambarkan kerakter-karakternya. Kecilnya perhatian akan aspek linguistic terhadap novel tersebut memperkuat pelaksanaan penelitian ini. Peniltian ini bersifat deskriptif dan menggunakan analisis teks dengan penelusuran pustaka sebagai teknik pengumpulan data. Dari daftar kategori linguistik dan stylistic yang disajikan oleh  Leech and Short (1984:75), penulis membatasi penelitian ini pada penyeledikan penggunaan lexical, khususnya, penggunaan kata kerja laporan (reporting verbs), kata kerja persepsi (verbs of perception), kata keterangan sikap (adverbs of manner) dan kata sifat (adjectives) yang diatribusikan pada Haroun sebagai karakter pahlawan dan  Khattam Shud sebagai karakter jahat.

            Hasil penilitian menunjukkan bahwa dalam kontribusinya terhadap penggambaran karakter, masing-masing item lexical yang telah dianalisis tersebut memiliki kadar signifikansi berbeda-beda. Pemilihan kata sifat yang diatribusikan pada karakter mempunyai kontribusi yang paling kuat dalam penggambaran karakter. lebih lanjut lagi dengan mengidentifikasi penggunaan item leksikal tersebut, dapat disimpulkan beberapa poin sehubungan dengan gaya pengarang dalam menggambarkan karakternya. Dalam menentukan pemilihan kata, narator lebih mempertimbangkan konteks daripada penggambaran karakter. Untuk tokoh pahlawan-Haroun, narator lebih menekankan sifat anak anak yang selayaknya daripada sifat kephlawanannya. Lain halnya, dari penggunaan kata sifat, terlihat sekali bahwa narator ingin memberikan kesan kuat, jahat, dan seram yang berlebih untuk  khattam Shud.