SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Indonesia - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2013

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Developing Working Big Books for Teaching English for First Grade Elementary Students

Kristin Yuliana




Yuliana, Kristin. 2012. Developing Working Big Books for teaching First Grade

of Elementary Students. Sarjana’s Thesis. Department of English

Education, Faculty of Letters, State University of Malang. Advisor: Dr.

Emalia Iragiliati Sukarni, M.Pd.


Key words: Working Big Books, media, vocabulary, EYL (English for Young Learners), children-centered.

In learning a foreign language, vocabulary plays an important role. It is an element that integrates into each of the four skills of language, that is, listening, speaking, reading and writing. In Teaching English for Young Learner, media is considered necessary to support learning, especially the visual and auditory ones. One of the visual media which is commonly used for teaching young learners is big books. Big books usually are used as story telling media in which a teacher plays a role as the reader, while students as listener. Considering the condition of most schools in Indonesia which have big classes, teaching English using big books were not effective to be conducted. Here, by the new version of big books which is called as working big books, an interactive learning can be conducted in the classroom. The objective of this study is to develop teaching media in the form of working big books to enhance the students’ vocabulary mastery relevantto the syllabus of English for first grade students of Elementary School.


The design used in this study was the adaptation of Research and Development (R & D) designed by Borg and Gall (1979). The procedure of the working big books development started with need analysis which aimed to know the students’ characteristics, students’ needed materials, teachers’ media used for teaching English, teacher’ method, and the classroom facilities. In this phase, the data collection techniques used were document analysis, observations and interviews. The next phase was development; in this phase, the researcher designed the product and made the prototype of the product. Then the  process continued into validation phase which consists of three stages that were, expert validation, small group test and the try out. Revision was needed during the validation phase in order to get the best result of the product. After being revisedin the validation phase, the final product was produced.


The final product in this study is an Interactive media called working big books that contains teaching media for vocabulary learning. The working big books cover two topics taken from the English materials for first grade students of Elementary School, numbers and body parts. For the topic of numbers, there are11 working big books. Ten of which are coloring working big books from number1 up to 10, and the other is “Punum” working big book as classroom board game.Next, for the body parts topics, there are two “Bopuz” working big books asclassroom board game.


There were thirty students of first grade of elementary school involved inthe try out and the result from the questionnaire showed that the majority of thestudents confirmed that they like the working big books. Pictures as theillustration objects of the big books have important role in attracting students’interest. Teacher’s validation was also done during the try out in which the result


showed that the working big books was appropriate to be used for teaching firstgrade of elementary students.


Based on the findings, the final product of this study was found to beinteresting and attractive working big books for English learning. The studentsenjoy learning English through the working big books and they did the activitiesenthusiastically. Related to the findings, some suggestions are given as follows:English teachers are suggested to use media in the classroom to support learningespecially in Teaching English to Young Learners (TEYL); The future researcherswho would like to conduct research on similar topics are suggested to developinteractive working big books which are targeted to students of different grades,covering different topics with more varied activities.