SKRIPSI Jurusan Sastra Arab - Fakultas Sastra UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Tasybīh Dalam Kitab Al-Muntakhabāt Fī Al-Machfūzhāt Karya Syaikh Umar Abdul Jabbar.

ROMI MAHENDRA

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan kalimat-kalimat yang mengandung tasybīh, jenis tasybīh, dan tujuan tasybīh dalam kitab alMuntakhabāt Fī al-Machfūdzāt. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian meliputi

(1) 37 kalimat yang mengandung tasybīh dengan rincian kalimat sederhana, kalimat kompleks, ayat al-Qur’an, hadits, dan selain ayat al-Qur’an dan hadits.

(2) Terdapat 20 jenis tasybīh yang ditinjau berdasarkan musyabbah dan musyabbah bih, adāt tasybīh, wajh syibh,dan adāt tasybīh-wajh syibh.

(3) Ditemukan 3 tujuan tasybīh yaitu untuk menjelaskan keadaan musyabbah, menjelaskan kadar keadaan musyabbah, dan memperindah atau memperburuk musyabbah.  

Kata Kunci: balāghah, tasybīh, al-muntakhabāt fī al-machfūzhāt

ABSTRACT

This study describes the sentences containing tasybīh, tasybīh type, and tasybīh purpose in the book of al-Muntakhabāt Fī alMachfūzhāt. The method used for the research was quantitative descriptive method. The research result includes that

(1) 37 sentence of tasybīh under the following classification: tasybīh in the form of simple sentence, complex sentence, al-Qur’an, hadith, and  sentences another al-Qur’an and hadith.  

(2) 20 types of tasybīh were found under the following classification: tasybīh reviewed in terms of musyabbah and musyabbah bih, reviewed from comparative adat tasybīh, reviewed from the wajh syibh, and reviewed from adat tasybīh and wajh syibh.

(3) The purpose of tasybīh: explaining the nature and degree of musyabbah, affirming musyabbah, and beautifying or worsening musyabbah.

Keywords: balāghah, tasybīh, al-muntakhabāt fī al-machfūzhāt