KARYA DOSEN Fakultas Sastra UM, 2014

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

“Menyama Braya” (Brotherhood) As a Harmonious Social Interaction Between Hindus and Muslims in Bangli Regency, Bangli

AHMAD Munjin Nasih, DEWA AGUNG GEDE AGUNG, MASHURI MASHURI

Abstrak


Setiap agama, baik Islam, Kristen, Hindu, Budha, dan Konghuchu pada dasarnya tidak pernah mengajarkan umatnya berbuat aniaya terhadap umat lain. Tapi sayangnya, agama yang mengajarkan perdamaian tak jarang dijadikan legitimasi untuk mengganggu, memusuhi bahkan memusnahkan umat lain terutama yang mayoritas terhadap yag monorutas. Hal ini bisa difahami mengingat masyarakat Indonesia adalah masyarakat majemuk dengan pemeluk agama yang beragam. Karena itu perlu dicara jalan keluar sehingga hal-hal semacam itu tidak terjadi. Di Kabupaten Bangli, Bali terdapat komunitas Muslim yang minoritas dapat hidup berdampingan dengan masyarakat Hindu yang mayotitas. Secara kuantitas jumlah umat Muslim sangat sedikit, akan tetapi mereka bisa hidup berdampingan tanpa ada persoalan yang berarti. Beragam aktivitas bisa dijalankan dengan baik sesuai dengan falsafah Tri Hita Karana, termasuk di bidang seni tanpa adanya kekhawatiran. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dengan rancangan studi kasus. Rancangan ini diharapkan dapat menghasilkan teori dengan generalisasi lebih luas dan lebih umum penerapannya untuk kasus harmonisasi hubungan antar umat beragama, khususnya umat Hindu dan Muslim. Dalam penelitian studi kasus ini digunakan rancangan studi kasus observasional dan multi situs, dimana peneliti hadir di daerah kantong-kantong masyarakat Muslim yang tersebar di beberapa wilayah/desa di Kabupaten Bangli untuk melihat lebih dekat bagaimana mereka membangun toleransi beragama dengan masyarakat Hindu yang mayoritas. Rancangan metode tersebut digunakan untuk menelaah sebuah fenomena toleransi beragama di berbagai tempat yang berbeda. Dalam pelaksanaannya dilakukan beberapa kali pengumpulan data dan hasilnya dianalisis sehingga tersusun teori sementara.

Basically, all religions such as Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism and Konghuchu never teach their followers to maltreat the followers of the other religions. Unfortunately, however, the fact that the religion, which is usually the majority, which teaches peace is freguently used to legitimate the attempts its followers make to disturb and even eliminate the followers of the other religions, which are usually the minorities: it is freguently used to show hostile attitude to the followers of the other religions. That can be understood as Indonesia is a multi cultural country where every religion has its followers. Therefore, solutions should be sought for to anticipate what was described above. In Bangli Regency, there isa Muslim community which exists next to the Hindu communities. Ouantitatively, there are not so many Muslims: however, although they live next to the Hindu communities, they live peacefully. Every activity, including art activity, can be properly performed and without anxiety, as implied by the philosophy of Tri Hita Karana. Oualitative approach was employed in the present study with a case study design. It was expected that the present study would lead to a theory which might be generally and widely applied to the case of harmonious relation among the followers of different religions, especially the Hindus and Muslims. In this present study, an observational case study and multi site design was used, meaning that the researcher was present at the residences where Muslims live and which are located at several villages in Bangli Regency to observe more closely what they did to be tolerant of the Hindus as the majority. Such a method design was used to analyze a phenomenon of religious tolerance at different places. The data were collected several times and were analyzed to form a temporary theory. Keywords: Harmonious social interaction, menyama braya, tri hita karana, and state integrity.


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