KARYA DOSEN Fakultas Sastra UM, 2009

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar


Effendy Kadarisman


Abstract.  The moderate version of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis states that the way we perceive reality is partly determined by the language we speak.  This implies that a native language has strong influence on the thought patterns of its individual speakers; and hence the collective thought patterns of the speech community contribute to the formation of culture-specific way of thinking.  This means that linguistic relativity boils down into cultural relativity.  Theoretically, this view is only half-way true, for the opposite hypothesis is equally acceptable: cultural relativity leads to linguistic relativity.  In other words, linguistic relativity and cultural relativity are related to each other not in a uni-directional manner but in a mutually influential way.  At the surface level and by way of illustration, the mutual relationship between linguistic relativity and cultural relativity shows up explicitly in the different ways of how Indonesians and Americans “verbalize” their mundane and more specifically their religious experience, as can be seen—referring to the latter—in their different poetic genres pertaining to the realm of divinity.

Key words: Sapir-Whort hypothesis, linguistic relativity, cultural relativity, Indonesian and American poetry, divine poems.

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