DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning Berbantuan BLended Learning pada Materi Spektroskopi Atom Terhadap Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa Berdasarkan Taksonomi Marzano di Universitas Negeri Malang

ASMI, SILVI OCTAVAINI ASMI

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

Asmi, Silvi Octaviani Asmi, 2019. Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning Berbantuan BLended Learning pada Materi Spektroskopi Atom Terhadap Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa Berdasarkan Taksonomi Marzano di Universitas Negeri Malang. Tesis, Program Studi Pendidikan Kimia, Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Malang,

Pembimbing:

(I).Dra. Surjani Wonorahardjo, Ph. D.,

(II) Dr. Hayuni Retno Widarti, M. Si.

 

Kata Kunci: problem based learning, blended learning, taksonomi marzano, spektroskopi atom.

Sub bab materi spektroskopi atom salah satunya aplikasi instrumen spektroskopi atom dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Model problem based learning mengitegrasikan pembelajaran berbasis masalah dalam kehidupan sehari-hari yang dapat meningkatkan pemahaman dan mengkonstruksi pengetahuan yang luas. Proses memperoleh pengetahuan yang luas membutuhkan informasi dari berbagai sumber melalui pemanfaatan internet. Perkembangan zaman menuntut mahasiswa dalam menguasai teknologi dan pemanfaatan jaringan internet. Salah satu penerapan teknologi dalam dunia pendidikan yaitu pembelajaran dengan blended learning. Blended learning membutuhkan aplikasi yang mendukung seperti edmodo. Prinsip spektroskopi atom bersifat abstrak saat mempelajari cara kerja insturmen spektroskopi atom seperti proses absrobsi, emisi, flouresensi, dapat dibantu dengan memberikan pemahaman visualisasi berupa video, gambar, animasi, dan audio yang dapat dimasukkan kedalam fitur edmodo sehingga mahasiswa mudah memahami materi dan meningkatkan hasil belajar mahasiswa. Hasil belajar dapat dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor termasuk regulasi diri seperti daya tarik, minat motivasi, metakognisi, dan prilaku selama proses pembelajaran sesuai dengan tiga sistem mental yang dikembangkan oleh taksonomi marzano. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui:

1) perbedaan hasil belajar kognitif antar mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model problem based learning berbantuan blended learning dengan mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan dengan problem based learning;

2) perbedaan kesadaran metakognitif antar mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model problem based learning berbantuan blended learning dengan mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan dengan problem based learning;

3) pengaruh model problem based learning berbantuan blended learning terhadap sistem diri mahasiswa.

Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah rancangan eksperimen semu (quasi eksperiment) tipe pre-posttest group design dan rancangan deskriptif. Populasi penelitian adalah mahasiswa yang mengikuti matakuliah Analisis Instrumen I tahun ajaran 2018/2019 di Universitas Negeri Malang. Sampel diambil secara convenience sampling (sampling seadanya). Penentuan kelas eksperimen dan kontrol dilakukan dengan undian dan terpilih kelas kontrol Offering G (pembelajaran dengan problem based learning) yang berjumlah 31 mahasiswa dan kelas eksperimen Offering I (pembelajaran dengan problem based learning berbantuan blended learning) yang berjumlah 31 mahasiswa. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan meliputi instrumen perlakuan dan instrumen pengukuran. Instrumen perlakuan terdiri dari:

(1) Silabus,

(2) RPP, (3) LKM, sedangkan instrumen pengukuran terdiri dari:

(1) Tes kognitif mahasiswa memiliki validasi isi 90,17% dengan kriteria sangat baik dan koefesien reliabilitas 0,634 dengan kriteria tinggi,

(2) Tes kesadaran metakognitif mahasiswa memiliki validasi isi 95,28% dengan kriteria sangat baik dan koefesien reliabilitas 0,884 dengan kriteria sangat tinggi. Analisis data statistik yang digunakan adalah Independent Sample t-Test. Analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk melihat pengaruh model problem based learning berbantuan blended learning terhadap sistem diri mahasiswa berdasarkan taksonomi marzano pada saat observasi pembelajaran secara online.

Hasil penilitian menunjukkan bahwa:

(1) Ada perbedaan hasil belajar kognitif mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan model problem based learning berbantuan blended learning dengan mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model problem based learning pada materi spektroskopi atom.

(2) Ada perbedaan kesadaran metakognitif mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan model problem based learning berbantuan blended learning dengan mahasiswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model problem based learning.

(3) Penerapan model problem based learning berbantuan blended learning dapat mempengaruhi sistem diri mahasiswa berdasarkan taksonomi marzano.

 

ABSTRACT

Asmi, Silvi Octaviani Asmi, 2019. The Application of Problem Based Learning Model by Blended Learning on Atomic Spectroscopy Material to Students’ Learning Outcomes Based on Marzano’s Taxonomy at Malang State University . Thesis. Chemistry Education Study Program, Postgraduate, State University of Malang.

Advisor:

(I).Dra. Surjani Wonorahardjo, Ph. D.,

(II) Dr. Hayuni Retno Widarti, M. Si.

Keyword : problem based learning, blended learning, marzano’s taxonomy, atomic spectroscopy.

Sub chapter on atomic spectroscopy is applications of atomic spectroscopic instruments in everyday life. The problem based learning model integrates problem-based learning in everyday life that can improve understanding and construct broad knowledge. The process of acquiring extensive knowledge requires information from various sources through the use of the internet. The age development requires students to master the technology and use of the internet network. One of the applications of technology in the world of education is blended learning. Blended learning requires applications that support such as Edmodo. The principle of atomic spectroscopy is abstract when studying the workings of atomic spectroscopic instruments such as absorption processes, emissions, fluorescence, can be helped by providing an understanding of visualization in the form of videos, images, animations, and audio that can be included in Edmodo's features so students easily understand the material and improve learning outcomes college student. Learning outcomes can be influenced by several factors including self-regulation such as attraction, motivation, metacognition, and behavior during the learning process in accordance with the three mental systems developed by the marzano taxonomy. The purpose of the study was to find out:

1) differences in cognitive learning outcomes among students who were taught by the problem based learning model assisted by blended learning with students who were taught with problem based learning;

2) differences in metacognitive awareness among students who are taught by the problem based learning model assisted by blended learning with students who are taught with problem based learning;

3) the influence of the problem based learning model assisted by blended learning on student self-systems.

The research design used was quasi experimental design type pre-posttest group design and descriptive design. The study population was students who took the course of Analysis Instrument I course on academic year 2018/2019 at the State University of Malang. Convenience sampling (makeshift sampling). Determination of the experimental and control classes was carried out by lottery and selected the control class Offering G (learning with problem-based learning) which succeeded 31 students and the experimental class Offering I (learning with problem-based learning assisted by blended learning) which succeeded 31 students. The research instruments used included calculation instruments and measurement instruments. Instrument completion consists of:

(1) Syllabus,

(2) Lesson Plan,

(3) Student Worksheet, while assessment instruments consist of:

(1) Student cognitive tests have content validation of 90.17% with good competence and 0.634 coefficient of reliability with high expectations,

(2) The metacognitive awareness test of students has a content validation of 95.28% with very good criteria and 0.884 coefficient reliability with very high criteria. The statistical data analysis used is an Independent Sample t-Test. The Descriptive analysis was used to see the effect of the problem based learning model assisted by blended learning on student self-systems based on the marzano taxonomy at the time of observation of online learning.

The results of the study show that:

(1) There are differences in cognitive learning outcomes of students who are taught using problem-based learning models assisted by blended learning with students who are taught with problem-based learning models in atomic spectroscopy material.

(2) There is a difference in the awareness of students who are taught using a problem-based learning model assisted by blended learning with students who are taught with a problem-based learning model.

(3) The application of the problem based learning model assisted by blended learning can affect students' self systems based on the marzano taxonomy.