DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Video Model and Students' Recorded Video : Media to improve the Speaking Ability

Romanti, Ambarrika




Romanti, Ambarrika. 2019. Video Model and Student’s Recorded Project Video

as Teaching Learning Media to improve the Speaking Ability.Thesis,

Graduate Program in English Language Education, State University of

Malang. Advisors: (I) Dr.Furaidah,M.A, (II) Prof. Dr. Nur

Mukminatien, M.Pd


Keywords: Video Model, Students’ Recorded Project Video, Speaking ability,


Speaking activities, Role Play

The low speaking ability of Senior High School 4 Bangkalan students to

speak encouraged the researcher to do a study on it. The researcher found out that

students were afraid and unconfident to speak. The result of a preliminary study

showed that they could not speak English well because of some factors. The first

factors are student had low vocabulary mastery and they had low motivation in

learning English. The second factors were teacher almost never used the media to

teach speaking.

This study was aimed to improve Senior High School students’ speaking

ability through video. This study also described how to teach speaking using

video. The researcher utilized instructional video model and students’ recorded

project video as media in teaching speaking of applying role play strategy in

speaking activities. The researcher applied the strategy in teaching speaking to

make the students enjoy, interested and motivated by using the students video

recorded as media. She also applied the Role Play strategy to teach speaking. This

role play strategy was utilized when the students learning speaking. This research

assessment was focuses on four aspects, namely fluency, accuracy, vocabulary

and pronunciation.

This study utilized a Classroom Action Research (CAR) research design

and also this study was the collaborative action research design which the

researcher and the collaborative teacher worked together in implementing the

action, observing the action, and making reflection. The subjects of the study were

the eleventh science one 28 students of SMAN 4 Bangkalan in second semester in

academic year 2018/2019. This study was conducted in one cycle that consisted of

eight meetings by following the procedure of the action research, planning,

implementing, observing, and reflecting. The instruments for collecting data

consist of Speaking Scoring Rubric, Observation Sheet, Field Notes, and


The steps to teach speaking in this study were first preparing videos

model, teacher gave the worksheet to the students based on the video, teacher

taught students how to reserve a room in a hotel, teacher arranged students into a

groups which consisted of two students, teacher asked students to arrange an

interactional text (dialogue) about hotel reservation, teacher asked students to

perform, teacher gave feedback and corrections, teacher asked students to record

their performance into a video, and submitted the video of booking a room in a

hotel to the teacher. The last step teacher assessed the students’ recorded video

and analyzed the video.

The findings were classified into: students’ speaking scores improvement,

students’ involvement percentage and the steps of teaching speaking using video

model and students’ recorded project video of implementing Role Play strategy in

speaking activities. The improvement of the students’ score can be seen in the

increased score of the students’ speaking from the preliminary study and the score

after the implementation of the teaching speaking using video model and students’

recorded video through Role Play strategy in speaking activities. The average

score in the end of implementation of this study was 77, 35. After the action, all of

28 students got score 70 or above (100%). It can be concluded that it should have

been reached to criteria of success.

The next findings were about the students’ involvement percentage was

observed from the observation checklist of students’ involvement. It was shown

that in first meeting, there was 71, 5% of 28 students who was active in the

teaching and learning process. In the second meeting, there were 26 students (78,

5%) involved actively. In the third meeting also had high percentage of students

involvement, it was 93% of 28 students was active in the teaching and learning

process. In the fourth meeting, 24 students (86%) of 28 students were active. The

fifth meeting 93% of 28 students were 26 students active in the teaching learning

process. On the sixth meeting, 89% of 28 students were 25 students involved

actively during teaching and learning process. The seventh meeting also shown

the high active student percentage, there were 25 students (89%) of 28 students

involved actively in teaching and learning process. the eighth meeting was 26

students (92%) were active. The seventh and the eighth meeting were the last

meeting to assess the students speaking performance.