DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Teachers' and Eleventh Grade Students' Attitude toward the Use of Bahasa Indonesia (L1) in EFL Classroom

Rizky Rahman




Rahman, Rizky. 2019. Teachers’ and Eleventh Grade Students’ Attitude toward the Use of Bahasa Indonesia (L1) in EFL Classroom. Thesis. Graduate Program in English Language Education, Universitas Negeri Malang. Advisors: (1) Dr. Enny Irawati, M.Pd. (2) Dr. Utari Praba Astuti, M.A.


Keywords: teacher, eleventh grade student, attitude, Bahasa Indenesia, L1, EFL classroom

In the context of foreign language teaching and learning, in English classroom even though the target language must be used is English, the use of L1 is inevitable that teachers and students can not avoid using it. This thesis is to describe the attitude of teachers and eleventh grade students’ toward the use of L1 (Bahasa Indonesia) in EFL classroom. Since attitude has three components; affective, behavior, and cognitive, this study took one component to describe; affective, in which teachers’ and students’ feeling and emotion toward the use of L1 was described.

The study was conducted in two senior high schools; SMAN 1 and SMAN 2 Kandangan. Kandangan is the capital town of a regency, Hulu Sungai Selatan in South Kalimantan province. The research design used survey research design. The participants were eight English teachers working in senior high schools and 339 students. The data were collected through classroom recordings; questionnaires that were administered both to the teachers and the students, and interviews that were conducted on all of the teachers.

The results revealed that the attitudes of the students towards the use of Bahasa Indonesia were generally positive. It was also found out that the teachers were aware of the importance of using the target language as much as possible in the classes, however, they could not deny the need of L1 for certain situation.

Based on the finding it is concluded that most of the teachers liked using English in EFL class. Whereas for students, most of them liked the use of L1 in EFL class. However, the use of L1 could not be avoided by the teachers when their students could not understand the teachers using English. Then, it is suggested that even though the use of L1 is preferred by students, English teachers should not directly use it as the medium of instruction. Since the students have a variety levels of English proficiency the use of L1 can not be avoided. However, as their level of proficiency get higher, the use of L1 in class is lessened.

For further research related to this topic, it is suggested to include the four language skills; listening, speaking, reading, writing, and other things that are related to linguistic and language teaching so that the research will be more beneficial for language teaching especially English teaching.