DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2018

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Surviving in Multicultural EFL Learning Environment

Rofinus Daton Warat




Warat, Rofinus Daton. 2017. Surviving in Multicultural EFL Learning Environment. Thesis, ELT Program, Graduate Program, Universitas Negeri Malang, Advisors: (I) Prof. Ali Saukah, M.A., Ph.D., (II) Dr. Sintha Tresnadewi, M.Pd.


Keywords: learning environment, multicultural, survive, higher education


Learning in a multicultural environment is challenging. It is interesting to figure out how students from minority ethnics survive in this type of learning context. Taking East Nusa Tenggara students who were studying at the Faculty of Language and Arts (henceforth FLA) of Satya Wacana Christian University as samples of this study, some strategies employed by the participants in order to survive in EFL multicultural learning milieu were drawn. Prior to the display of the strategies implemented, common challenges encountered by the participants were identified. 

A qualitative approach was utilized in this study in which a case study was operated to answer the research question. A set of questionnaire was distributed to the participants to obtain a general overview about their experiences in studying at the FLA and their merits of attending the interview. A semi-structured interview was administered with three participants and this instrument was used as the primary source of the data collection. The interviews were conducted in Indonesian in order to gain more in-depth information from the participants.

The findings indicated that the participants, who were studying EFL in a multicultural environment, encountered some common challenges that could obstruct their study. The challenges came both from inside and outside the participants. Those challenging facts were adjustment to new learning environment, being anxious in classroom, low academic achievement, language, and teaching-learning material and orientation changes.

In order to cope with the challenging facts, the participants developed strategies that could assist them to survive at this typical EFL multicultural learning milieu. Those strategies were correlated with the participants as individuals who were studying EFL at the FLA and their social environment. Therefore, their surviving strategies were segmented into personal and social strategies. Personal strategies comprised eagerness to learn from mistakes, mingling self with local culture, focusing on study, developing personal learning principle, improving self confidence, and motivating self. Social strategies, on the other hand, covered personal mentoring, developing good relationship with lecturers, making friends with other students (from similar and different cultural backgrounds), participating in organizations, and living with friends from other ethnics. Future researchers are suggested to broaden the scope of the study to find out more variations of how students survive in EFL multicultural learning environments.