DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2010

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Hubungan Antara Keefektifan Perencanaan Kepala Sekolah, Kapasitas Pengorganisasian Personel, Motivasi Kerja, dan Peningkatan Profesionalisme Guru dengan Kinerja Guru pada Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN) di Kabupaten dan Kota Blitar. (Disertasi)

Ahmad Tanzeh

Abstrak


Keberhasilan sekolah banyak ditentukan oleh para guru dan kepala sekolah, meskipun kinerja guru juga sangat dipengaruhi oleh kepala sekolah melalui manajerialnya yang mampu menciptakan semangat kerja guru yang tinggi. Semangat kerja guru yang tinggi itu tentunya dimaksudkan untuk menunjang terwujudnya tujuan organisasi sekolah.

Tujuan dilakukan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan hubungan secara langsung antara keefektifan perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah, kapasitas pengorganisasian personel, motivasi kerja, dan peningkatan profesionalisme guru dengan kinerja guru pada Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN) di kabupaten dan kota Blitar.

Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut dilakukan penelitian dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Sedang dilihat dari cara analisis data, penelitian ini termasuk tipe penelitian korelasional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di kabupaten dan kota Blitar melibatkan 4 Madrasah Aliyah Negeri di Kabupaten dan kota Blitar, sampel penelitian sebanyak 100 guru, diambil dari populasi sebesar 253 guru. Data penelitian dikumpulkan dengan instrumen angket yang telah terbukti memiliki tingkat validitas dan reliabilitas yang dipersyaratkan. Teknik analisis data menggunakan SEM (Structural Equation Modelling) atau Pemodelan Persamaan Struktural. Analisis data menggunakan komputer Program Amos 04.

Hasil Analisis deskriptif dapat disimpulkan bahwa: (1) rata-rata tingkat keefektifan perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah, kapasitas pengorganisasian personel, motivasi kerja, peningkatan profesionalisme guru, dan kinerja guru pada Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN) di kabupaten dan kota Blitar termasuk dalam kategori tinggi; (2) Secara komprehensif model konsep-tual hubungan variabel yang dikembangkan adalah fit (baik), memenuhi standar persyaratan Goodness-of-Fit, sehingga dapat digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis

Dari hasil pengujian hipotesis hubungan langsung dapat disimpulkan bahwa : (1) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara keefektifan perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah dengan kapasitas pengorganisasian personel, (2) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah dengan motivasi kerja, (3) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara kapasitas pengorganisasian personel dengan motivasi kerja, (4) Tidak ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara keefektifan perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah dengan peningkatan profesionalisme guru,(5) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara  kapasitas pengorganisasian personel dengan peningkatan profesionalisme guru, (6) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara  motivasi kerja dengan peningkatan profesionalisme guru, (7) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah dengan kinerja guru, (8) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara  kapasitas pengorganisasian personel dengan kinerja guru, (9) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara  motivasi kerja dengan kinerja guru, dan (10) Ada hubungan langsung yang signifikan antara peningkatan profesionalisme guru dengan kinerja guru.

Sedangkan dari hasil pengujian hipotesis hubungan tidak langsung dapat dikemukakan: (1) Terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah dengan motivasi kerja  melalui kapasitas pengorganisasian personel, (2) Terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah dengan peningkatan profesionalisme guru  melalui pegoranisasian personel dan motivasi kerja, (3) Terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara kapasitas pengorganisasian personel dengan peningkatan profesionalisme guru melalui motivasi kerja, (4) Terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara perencanaan peningkatan mutu sekolah dengan kinerja guru melalui pengorganisasian personel, motivasi kerja dan peningkatan profesionalisme guru, (5)Terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara kapasitas pengorganisasian personel dengan kinerja guru melalui motivasi kerja dan peninkatan profesionalisme guru, (6)Terdapat hubungan tidak langsung antara motivasi kerja dengan kinerja guru melalui peningkatan profesionalisme guru.

Abstract:

 

School success is more determined by both teachers and school principals, although the teachers' performance is mostly influenced by the principals through their managerial skill which are able to create the teachers to have high motivation. The teachers' motivation is, in fact, intended to support the schools in achieving their goals.

This present study is intended to describe direct correlation among the effectiveness of planning of schools' quality improvement,  capacity of organizing personals, motivation of working, and improvement of teachers' professionalism toward teachers' performance at MAN in Blitar municipal.

To achieve the proposed goals, the study is done through with quantitative approach. From the way the data are analyzed, the study belongs to correlational study. The study is conducted in Blitar regency and municipality involving 100  teachers whom are taken from 253 teachers as the total population. The instrument used to collect the data is questionaire which meets the requirement of both validity and reability. The data are analyzed by applying structural equation modelling (SEM). The data analysis applies computer with Amos 04  program.

From the descriptive analysis it can be concluded that : (1) in average the level of effectiveness of planning of schools' quality improvement, capacity of organizing personal, motivation of working, and improvement of techers' professionalism toward the teachers' performance at MAN in Blitar municipal is categorized high. (2) comprehensively, conceptul model of the correlation  of the developed  model is fit and it meets the standard of requirement of goodness-of-fit used to test hypotheses.

From the results of testing hypotheses, the direct correlation can be concluded as follows : (1) there is direct significant correlation between the effectiveness of planning of schools quality improvement toward the capacity of organizing personal, (2) there is direct significant correlation between planning of schools quality improvement toward working motivation, (3) there is direct significant correlation between capacity of organizing personal toward working motivation, (4) there is no direct significant correlation between the effectiveness of planning of schools quality improvement toward improvement of teachers'  professionalism, (5) there is direct significant correlation between the capacity of organizing personal toward the improvement of teachers' professionalism, (6) there is direct significant correlation between motivation of working toward the improvement of teachers' professionalism, (7) there is direct significant correlation between planning of schools quality improvement toward teachers' performance, (8) there is direct significant correlation between capacity of organizing personal toward teachers' performance, (9) there is direct significant correlation between motivation of working toward teachers' performance, and (10) there is direct significant correlation between improvement of teachers' professsionalism toward teachers' performance.

Meanwhile, from the result of testing the hypotheses about indirect correlation, it is found that : (1) there is indirect correlation between planning of schools quality improvement toward working motivation through capacity of organizing personal, (2)   there is indirect correlation between planning of schools quality improvement toward teachers' professionalism through capacity of organizing personal and motivation working, (3)  there is indirect correlation between capacity of organizing personal toward the improvement of teachers' professionalism through motivation of working, (4) there is indirect correlation between planning of schools quality improvement toward teachers' performance through capacity of organizing personal, motivation of working and  the improvement of teachers' professionalism, (5) there is indirect correlation between capacity of organizing personal toward teachers'performance through motivation of working and the improvement of teachers' professionalism, (6) there is indirect correlation between motivation of working toward teachers' performance through the improvement of teachers' professionalism.