DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2010

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Upaya Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa Geografi FMIPA UNM Melalui Penerapan Metode Pemberian Tugas Untuk Analisis data Kependudukan. (Thesis)

Erman Syarif

Abstrak


Penerapan metode pemberian tugas secara individu analisis data kependudukan bagi mahasiswa program studi pendidikan geografi  dilatar- belakangi oleh permasalahan: (1) hasil belajar mahasiswa pada matakuliah geografi penduduk/demografi tergolong rendah rata-rata untuk angkatan 2005 1,77 dengan rincian nilai A=5%, nilai B=17%, nilai C=41%, nilai D=25%, dan nilai E=12%, dan rata-rata untuk angkatan 2006 1,57 dengan rincian nilai B=10%, nilai C=67%,  nilai D=4%, dan nilai E=19%, (2) motivasi dan aktivitas belajar mahasiswa pada saat pembelajaran rendah, (3) beberapa tugas atau latihan, baik di dalam kelas maupun di rumah tidak diperiksa dan dinilai oleh dosen,  sehingga mereka kurang berminat dan termotivasi, dan (4) beberapa dosen dalam proses pembelajaran hanya menerapkan metode ceramah, tanya jawab, dan diskusi.

Masalah dalam penelitian ini yakni, apakah penerapan metode pemberian tugas secara individu analisis data kependudukan matakuliah geografi penduduk/demografi dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar mahasiswa geografi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar mahasiswa Jurusan Geografi FMIPA UNM melalui penerapan metode pemberian tugas secara individu analisis data kependudukan. Penelitian ini dirancang dengan Penelitian  Tindakan Kelas, yang disusun dalam satuan siklus meliputi: (1) perencanaan, (2) pelaksanaan, (3) pengamatan, dan (4) refleksi.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar mahasiwa melalui penerapan metode pemberian tugas analisis data kependudukan mengalami peningkatan dari siklus I pertemuan I ke siklus I pertemuan II sebesar 4,62%, menuju ke siklus II pertemuan I meningkat sebesar 4,39%, menuju ke siklus II pertemuan II meningkat sebesar 11,50%. Hasil belajar mahasiswa pada siklus I memiliki rata-rata 76,41 dan pada siklus II memiliki rata-rata 86,25 maka diperoleh selisih tingkat keberhasilan untuk hasil belajar sebesar 9,84. Hasil perhitungan yang telah dilakukan menunjukkan hasil persentase keberhasilan sebesar 12,88%.

Berdasarkan  hasil pembahasan, disimpulkan bahwa  ada peningkatan hasil belajar mahasiswa melalui penerapan metode pemberian tugas secara individu analisis data kependudukan. Penerapan metode pemberian tugas secara individu tersebut dapat merangsang pola pikir mahasiswa, sehingga berdampak pada hasil belajar mereka. Oleh sebab itu disarankan  bagi dosen: (1) agar perolehan hasil belajar mahasiswa meningkat sebaiknya temuan penelitian ini dapat digunakan sebagai acuan untuk memperbaiki proses pembelajaran dengan menerapkan metode pemberian tugas, dan (2) Perlu adanya pengelolaan kelas yang lebih baik terutama dalam mengatasi mahasiswa yang sering membuat ramai dan gaduh dalam proses pembelajaran, sehingga pelaksanaan kegiatan pembelajaran dapat berjalan dengan baik dan lancar.

Abstract:

The implementation of giving task individually of analyzing demographic data to the students of geographic education department was based on problems; they are: (1) the learning result of the students on demographic geography subject was considered low, the average learning result of 2005 students was 1,77 which included those who got A=5%, B=17%, C=41%, D=25% and E=12% while the average learning result of 2006 students was 1,57 which included the distribution of the scores as follow: B=10%, C=67%, D=4%, and E=19%, (2) the low motivation and learning activities of the students during instruction (3) several assignments and practices for class activity or homework were rarely checked and scored by the lectures; therefore, the students had less interest and became less motivated and (4) there were few lectures in instruction process who only implemented methods such as lecturing, question and answer, and discussion.

The research problem was whether or not the implementation of task-giving method of analyzing demographic data can improve the learning result of the students of geographic department. The research aimed at improving geography students learning result of mathematic and science department of UNM by the implementation of task-giving method of analyzing demographic data. The research was designed as classroom action research which was implemented in cycles consisting of: (1) planning, (2) implementing, (3) observing, and (4) reflecting.

The result showed that the students' learning result increased through the implementation of task-giving method of analyzing demographic data. The improvement started from the first meeting until the second meeting of cycle I which reached 4.62%, furthermore, the improvement reached 4,39%, during the first meeting in Cycle II and it reached 11,50%, in the second meeting of cycle II. Moreover the students learning result in cycle I had an average score of 76,41 and it reached the average score of 86,25 in cycle II thus  it was drawn 9.84 as the point of improvement difference. The result of computation also indicated that the percentage of success reached 12.88%.

Based on the result of discussion, it was concluded that there was an increasing of the students' learning result through the implementation of task-giving method of analyzing demographic data which was given individually. The implementation of this method could stimulate the students reasoning skill so that it influenced their learning result. Therefore there were several suggestions for the lectures: (1) in order to improve the students learning result, the lectures should use the finding of this study as reference to fix up the instruction process by implementing task giving method, and (2) it is necessary to have better classroom management especially in terms of handling the students who are often noisy and problematic within instruction process so that the implementation of learning activities can be done well and smoothly.