DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2016

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Rhetorical Moves, Linguistic Features, and Non-Linguistic Features in Research Article Abstracts

Leo Candra Wahyu Utami

Abstrak


ABSTRACT

 

Rhetorical Moves, Linguistic Features, and Non-Linguistic Features in Research Article Abstracts

article is a must for university students to fulfill the certain requirements. Besides, attaching English abstract in the research article is still challenging particularly for publication. To successfully write a brief and clear abstract, the writers have to be able to communicate the sufficient information of the research article. Additionally, the rhetorical moves of the abstract are the study of genre analysis embodied by the organizational pattern of moves realizes communicative purpose that can be identified by discourse community.

This study aims at examining the rhetorical moves, linguistic features and non-linguistic features of research article abstracts, particularly on how the writers construct their abstracts by realizing the linguistic features and non-linguistic features to contribute the improvement of abstract writing convention.

This study employs corpus-based research by analyzing twenty nine research article abstracts published in JurnalPendididkanHumaniora (JPH) from volume 1-3 (2013-2015) in which every volume involves Number 1 to 4. The research article abstracts are particularly written by students of English Language Teaching Program. To analyze the corpus data, this study utilizes a corpus toolkit AntConc 3.2.4w to identify the lexical signals to find out the frequency of occurrences of moves and the number of words of linguistic features.

The findings reveal that the preferred rhetorical moves of the abstracts are Move 2-purpose, Move 3-method, and Move 4-result which employed in nineteen article abstracts. Linguistic features are also employed in all research article abstracts. The use of present tense is employed in all five moves. Additionally, past tense is found in method move. The active voice and passive voice are also found in all five moves. However, passive voice is found in the method and conclusion. Thus, the writers construct the abstracts as objectively as possible. That-complement clause is found in result move. The results of the use of metadiscourse devices in the abstract reveal that the writers attempt to claim and comment on their research findings. Due to the fact, hedges are found in all moves while attitudinal stance markers are found in introduction, purpose, result and conclusion. Unfortunately, self-reference words are only found in method and result. In term of non-linguistic features, the research article abstracts have fulfilled the requirements in Petunjukbagi (calon) penulis JPH (2014)the researcher has to compose a brief and clear abstract involving purpose, method, and result of the study. The guideline requires an abstract consists not more than 100 words. However, the results reveal that fifteen abstracts consist of 100-150 words. Keywords are included in all research article abstracts.

 

Thus, it is recommended for future researchers as the practitioner in EAP field to conduct the study of genre analysis by investigating abstracts or other genres to recognize the specific structure of particular genre in their discourse community. This study expects that Graduate students understand on composing their research article abstracts based on the preferred rhetorical moves and some features. For thesis advisors, this study provides the analysis of genre convention in constructing research article abstract. It can support the teaching practice as additional information particularly for the lecturers who teach TPS for graduate students. Additionally for journal editors, the results of the study show how the writers construct their abstracts. It can support the improvement in writing an abstract for future research article writers.