DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2016

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Pengembangan Panduan Cooperative Learning Berbasis Video Untuk Tenaga Pengajar Sekolah Dasar

Yudho Setyo Nugroho

Abstrak


ABSTRACT

 

Nugroho, Yudho Setyo. 2016. Pengembangan Panduan Cooperative Learning Berbasis Video Untuk Tenaga Pengajar Sekolah Dasar. Tesis, Program Studi S2 Teknologi Pembelajaran Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing (I) Prof. Dr. I Nyoman Sudana Degeng, M.Pd, (II) Dr. Sihkabuden, M.Pd.

Kata Kunci: Pengembangan Video, Cooperative Learning.

Media pembelajaran sebagai salah satu komponen sumber belajar. Penggunaan media pembelajaran yang sesuai dapat membantu meningkatkan kualitas pembelajaran. Terutama dalam membantu guru untuk menerapkan suatu model pembelajaran. Media yang akan digunakan oleh guru dalam menerapkan suatu model pembelajaran adalah media berupa video pembelajaran cooperative learning. Berdasarkan hasil observasi dan wawancara kepada kepala sekolah dan guru kelas IV, V, VI di SDN 1 Padangan Tulungagung, SDN 2 Padangan Tulungagung, dan SDN 3 Padangan Tulungagung. Kurangnya pemahaman guru tentang berbagai tipe model cooperative learning menjadi salah satu sebabnya. Sehingga dalam proses kegiatan pembelajaran guru pada umumnya menggunakan metode ceramah.

Tujuan pengembangan ini adalah menghasilkan panduan cooperative learning berbasis video berisi tipe number head together, think pair share, think talk write, dan two stay two stray untuk tenaga pengajar sekolah dasar yang dapat dioperasikan dengan menggunakan komputer atau laptop dan mengetahui tingkat validitas serta tingkat keefektifan dari media yang dihasilkan.

Penelitian ini menggunakan model pengembangan Sadiman. Adapun tahapan-tahapan tersebut yaitu (1) Identifikasi kebutuhan, (2) Perumusan tujuan, (3) Pengembangan materi, (4) Pengembangan alat evaluasi, (5) Penyusunan naskah dan storyboard, (6) Produksi, (7) Validasi, (8) Revisi, (9) Media siap pakai.

Hasil yang diperoleh dari rubrik penilaian penerapan model cooperative learning tipe number heads together memperoleh presentase 94%, tipe think pair share memperoleh presentase 96%, tipe think talk write memperoleh presentase 95%,tipe two stay two stray memperoleh presentase 95% dari keempat model pembelajaran dapat dikatakan bahwa tenaga pengajar mampu melaksanakan. Sedangkan hasil yang diperoleh dari seluruh siswa yang memenuhi KKM untuk model number head together diperoleh presentase 72%, sedangkan untuk model think pair share diperoleh presentase 83%, untuk model think talk write diperoleh presentase 86%, dan untuk model two stay two stray diperoleh presentase 83% sehingga dari keempat model cooperative learning yang diterapkan dalam kegiatan pembelajaran dikatakan efektif.

ABSTRACT

Nugroho, Yudho Setyo. 2016. The Development of Cooperative Learning Guide based on Video for Instructors of Elementary Schools. Thesis, The Program of Studying S2 The Magister of Instructional Technology of State University of Malang. Advisors (I) Prof. Dr. I Nyoman Sudana Degeng, M.Pd, (II) Dr. Sihkabuden, M.Pd.

Keywords: The Development of Video, Cooperative Learning.

The media of learning as one of the component of learning sources. The appropriate of the use of learning media could help to increase the quality of learning. Especially in helping the teachers to apply a model of learning. The media which will be used by the teachers to apply a model of learning is a learning video of cooperative learning. Based on the observation result and interview to headmasters and classroom teachers of IV, V, and VI grade at SDN 1 Padangan Tulungagung, SDN 2 Padangan Tulungagung, and SDN 3 Padangan Tulungagung. The lack of understanding of teachers about various types of the model of cooperative learning could be one of the causes. So that the teachers use the method of lecturing in the process of learning activities.

The purpose of this development is producing the guide of cooperative learning based on the videos which contain the type of number head together, think pair share, think talk write, and two stay two stray for the instructors of elementary schools which can be operated using computer or laptop and knowing the level of validity also the level of the effectiveness from the producing media.

This research uses the model of Sadiman development. Those levels are (1) The identifying needs, (2) The formulation of interest, (3) The development of materials, (4) The development of evaluation tools, (5) The preparation of the script and storyboard, (6) The production, (7) The validation, (8) The revision, (9) The media which is ready to use.

 

The results obtained from the rubric assessment of the implementation model of cooperative learning type number heads together earn a percentage of 94%, the type of think pair share gain a percentage of 96%, the type of think talk write earn a percentage of 95%, the type of two stay two stray earn a percentage of 95% from those four model of learning it can be said that the instructors teaching could make it. While the results of all students who could fulfill the KKM for model number head together acquired a percentage of 72%, while for the model think pair share acquired percentage of 83%, for the model think talk write obtained a percentage of 86%, and to model two stay two stray obtained a percentage 83% so that those four models of cooperative learning which are applied in the learning activities might be said that it is effective.