DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2016

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Nilai Keimanan dalam Novel Munajat Cinta Karya Taufiqurrahman Al-Azizy dan Pemanfaatannya dalam Pembelajaran Apresiasi Sastra untuk Penanaman Sikap Spiritual Siswa MA/SMA Islam

Defri Mustika Rani

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

 

Mustika Rani, Defri. 2015. Nilai Keimanan Dalam Novel Munajat Cinta Karya Taufiqurrahman Al-Azizy dan Pemanfaatannya dalam Pembelajaran Apresiasi Sastra untuk Penanaman Sikap Spiritual Siswa MA/ SMA Islam. Tesis, Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia Fakultas PPs Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing: Dr. Roekhan, M.Pd. dan Prof. Dr. Heri Suwignyo, M.Pd.

 

Kata kunci: nilai keimanan, pembelajaran apresiasi sastra, sikap spiritual

 

Penelitian ini disesuaikan dengan Kurikulum 2013, khususnya pada kompetensi inti 1 yang berbunyi menghayati dan mengamalkan ajaran agama yang dianutnya. Penelitian ini mengaji teks novel Munajat Cinta yang berpotensi sebagai bahan rujukan dalam pembelajaran sastra untuk penanaman sikap spiritual siswa SMA/MA berbasis Islam. Fokus penelitian ini adalah 1) nilai keimanan kepada: Allah, Malaikat Allah, kitab Allah, Rasul Allah, qada’, qadar, dan hari akhir dalam novel Munajat Cinta sesi 1 untuk penanaman sikap spiritual siswa dan 2) deskripsi potensi pemanfaatan nilai keimanan kepada: Allah, Malaikat Allah, kitab Allah, Rasul Allah, qada’, qadar, dan hari akhir dalam novel Munajat Cinta sesi 1 untuk penanaman sikap spiritual siswa.

Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif, dengan peneliti sebagai instrumen utama. Data penelitian ini adalah paparan bahasa yang berwujud tuturan tokoh dan penjelasan pengarang, serta potensi pemanfaatan hasil kajian dalam pembelajaran sastra. Tuturan tokoh tersebut disampaikan melalui pikiran, perasaan, dan tuturan langsung dari tokoh. Dalam mengumpulkan data, peneliti membaca secara berulang, mencatat paparan bahasa, menghayati dan memahami bacaan, studi dokumentasi dengan instrumen penelitian, membuat kriteria tentang nilai-nilai keimanan, dan menganalisis data. Penelitian ini menitikberatkan pada kajian kepustakaan, yaitu memanfaatkan sumber pustaka untuk memeroleh data tanpa melakukan riset lapangan. Penelitian ini difokuskan pada kajian teks sastra, khususnya teks novel Munajat Cinta.

Berdasarkan hasil pengajian teks novel Munajat Cinta ditemukan kutipan-kutipan teks yang mengandung nilai keimanan. Nilai keimanan kepada Allah meliputi ketaatan menjalankan perintah Allah, keyakinan akan sifat Allah, perasaan dan sikap yang selalu ingin dekat (beriktikaf) dengan Allah, dan kesadaran akan kesalahan kepada Allah. Nilai keimanan kepada malaikat, yakni keyakinan akan keberadaan malaikat. Nilai keimanan kepada Rasul meliputi ketaatan menjalankan sunnah Rasul dan keyakinan bahwa ucapan Nabi adalah petunjuk dari Allah. Nilai keimanan kepada al-Qur’an meliputi, meyakini ayat al-Qur’an adalah petunjuk hidup, merasa senang dan tenang mendengar bacaan al-Qur’an, dan menggunakan al-Qur’an sebagai petunjuk hidup. Nilai keimanan kepada qada dan qadar Allah meliputi meyakini adanya takdir Allah, meyakini kebaikan takdir Allah, dan Ikhlas menerima takdir Allah. Nilai keimanan kepada hari hari akhir meliputi merasa takut akan perbuatan dosa, meyakini adanya hari akhir,  dan meyakini adanya balasan dosa di hari hari akhir.

Pemanfaatan nilai-nilai yang terkandung dalam novel Munajat Cinta digambarkan secara potensial untuk penanaman sikap spiritual siswa melalui pembelajaran Bahasa dan  Sastra Indonesia. Hasil temuan kajian teks sastra diacukan dan dikaitkan pada kurikulum 2013 yang diorganisasikan oleh  kompetensi inti, khususnya kompetensi inti 1 (KI-1). Kompetensi inti 1 merupakan salah satu kompetensi lulusan pada ranah sikap, yakni sikap spiritual untuk membentuk peserta didik yang beriman dan bertakwa. Kajian teks yang mengandung nilai keimanan tersebut berpotensi untuk diintegrasikan dalam pembelajaran sastra. Pengintegrasian tersebut dilakukan melalui kegiatan pembelajaran yang meliputi mengamati, menanyakan, mengeksplorasi, mengasosiasikan, dan mengomunikasikan. Setelah itu guru dan siswa melakukan kegiatan refleksi.

 

ABSTRACT

 

Mustika Rani, Defri. 2015. Faith Value in Munajat Cinta Novel By Taufiqurrahman Al-Azizy and Its Use in Letters Appreciation Learning for the Impartment of Spiritual Attitude to Students in Madrasah Aliyah/Islamic Senior High School. Thesis, Department of Indonesian Language Education, Postgraduate Programme, State University of Malang. Supervisors: Dr. Roekhan, M.Pd. and Prof. Dr. Heri Suwignyo, M.Pd.

 

Keywords: faith value, letters appreciation learning, spiritual attitude.

 

This research was adjusted with Curriculum 2013, especially in main competition 1 which states: understanding comprehensively and practicing the adopted religious learning. This research studied about text of Munajat Cinta novel which have potential as reference material in letters learning for the impartment of spiritual attitude to students in Madrasah Aliyah (MA)/Islamic Senior High School. The research focus as follow: 1) fait value to: Allah (God), God’s Angel, Holly Books, God’s Messenger, qada’, qadar, and day of judgment in Munajat Cinta novel volume 1 for the impartment of spiritual attitude to students; and 2) description of potential for the use of faith value to: Allah (God), God’s Angel, Holly Books, God’s Messenger, qada’, qadar, and day of judgment in Munajat Cinta novel volume 1 for the impartment of spiritual attitude to students.

This research used qualitative research type with the researcher as main instrument. This research data was language explanation that realized as character’s speech and writer explanation and also potential for the use of study result in the letters learning. Character’s speech was conveyed through thought, feeling, and direct speech from the character. In data collection, the researcher read repetitively, noted language explanation, understanding comprehensively the readings, documentation study with research instrument, made criteria about faith values, and analyzed data. This research pointed on literature study, which is using literature source to obtain data without doing field research. This research was focused on letters text study, especially text of Munajat Cinta novel.

Based on study result for the text of Munajat Cinta novel, it was found text citations that consist of faith value. Faith value to Allah (God) included loyalty in doing Allah’s command, believe in Allah’s nature, feeling and attitude that always want to be close (iktikaf) with Allah, and awareness in the mistake to Allah. Faith value to God’s Angel included believe in the existence of God’s Angel. Faith value to God’s Messenger included loyalty in doing sunnah of god’s Messenger and believe in God’s Messenger speech in which it is guidance from Allah. Faith value to Holy Qur’an included believe in Holy Qur’an paragraph where it is life guidance, feel happy and calm by listening Holy Qur’an reading, and use Holy Qur’an as life guidance. Faith value to qada and qadar (predestination) of Allah included believe in Allah’s fate, believe in the goodness of Allah’s fate, and sincere in accepting Allah’s fate. Faith value of Day of Judgment included feels afraid in the sin, believe in the Day of Judgment, and believe in day of reckoning in the Day of Judgment.

The use of values which consisted in Munajat Cinta novel was described potentially to impart student spiritual attitude through Indonesian Language and Letters learning. The research result for letters text was referred and related to curriculum 2013 that organized by main competition, especially main competition 1 (KI-1). Main competition 1 is one graduation competition in the attitude aspect, which is spiritual attitude to create faithful and religious learner. Text study that consisted of faith value has potential to be integrated in letters learning. The integration can be conducted through learning activity that involves observing, questioning, exploring, associating, and communicating. After that teacher and student can conduct reflection activity.