DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2016

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Sudrajat, Hijrah. 2015. Developing Human Genome Project (HGP) Material Textbook on Biotechnology to Improve Learning Outcomes Subject for Biology Students. Thesis. Department of Biology Education, Post Graduate Program at State University of Malang. Advisors: (I) Dr. H. Istamar Syamsuri, M.Pd, (II) Prof. Dr. Siti Zubaidah, M.Pd.


Keywords: Development, Textbook, Human Genome Project (HGP),


Human Genome Project (HGP) is a project coordinated by the Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institutes of Health USA (NIH). HGP began in 1990 and was completed in 2003. The aim is to determine the complete sequence of the 3 billion DNA subunits, identify all human genes, making it more accessible for Biology research purposes, and studied the effects of social, ethical, and even political impact arising from the mapping which has been conducted. Results of student questionnaires and interviews conducted on lecturer at the State University of Malang, there is a shortage of learning resources that contain HGP material. Seeing the case, there is the need for the development of teaching materials that is capable in HGP supporting lecturing and in accordance with the characteristics of the students. The research objective of this development is to produce products such as textbook on Human Genome Project (HGP) in Biotechnology courses which is feasible and effective for the students of Biology Education at State University of Malang.

Textbook was conceived and developed by adapting the 4 steps of development by Thiagarajan model (1974). The first step is: (1) define, it is done analyzing the needs on the field by viewing basic competence, students, tasks and concept (2) design, it is done by creating a prototype textbook that is divided into 3 main sections covering the first part, the core part, and the concluding part; (3) develop, it is done by validating the textbook by materials experts, media experts and linguists; and (4) disseminate, it is done by conducting tests on small groups and field tests. This stage was conducted on 9 students of the eight semester and the firld test was conducted on the 25 students from the sixth semester at State University of Malang.

The results of the validation test from the experts material showed the average percentage of the overall product that is equal to 83.7% is very feasible criteria and does not need to be revised. Results of the validation test from the experts media showed average percentage of overal product a value of 71% decent and does not need to be revised criteria. Results of the linguists validation test aspects showed the average percentage of total product a value of 79.19% decent and does not need to be revised. Results of testing a small group average of 78.2% with decent criteria and do not to be revised.

The result of the validation test is used as the basis for a revised action before the field tests. Field test was done by classroom learning that ends with a test competency test. Result of study was 25 students has an average score of 74.84 and the percentage of classes acquisition value of ≥70 of 76%. Product trials are considered successful if more than 75% of students scored at least 70.

Based on these results, it can be suggested that: (1) Biotechnology Textbooks course on HGP material can be used as a learning resource during the execution of Biotechnology lecture; (2) Biotechnology Textbooks course on HGP material can be used in the process of learning to improve learning outcomes in the form of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor because it is equipped with student activities in form of practice; and (3) linguistic aspects must be considered because it is one of the important elements that can make it easier for the textbook users to understand the presented material.