DISERTASI dan TESIS Program Pascasarjana UM, 2009

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Improving Students’ Ability in Writing Recount Texts through the Question and Answer Technique at MTs Siti Mariam Banjarmasin. (Thesis)

Nisa Raudhatun

Abstrak


This study was carried out based on the problems faced by the researcher as the English teacher at MTs Siti Mariam Banjarmasin. Based on the results of the preliminary study at the grade eight students, it showed that the students' achievement in writing especially in recount text was still unsatisfactory and the students had low motivation to participate in the writing tasks. To solve the problems, the Question and Answer Technique was chosen. Thus, this study was designed to investigate how the Question and Answer Technique could improve the ability of the grade eight students of MTs Siti Mariam Banjarmasin in writing recount texts.

The study used a collaborative classroom action research design in which the researcher and the collaborative teacher worked together in conducting this study. The researcher acted as the teacher while the English teacher became the observer who observed the implementation of the Question and Answer Technique. This study was conducted in two cycles by following the procedures of the action research i.e. planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. Each cycle consisted of three meetings. The data of the study were gathered through the following instruments - observation checklist, field notes, questionnaire and students' writing tasks. The subjects of this study were 35 grade eight students of MTs Siti Mariam Banjarmasin of the 2008/2009 academic year.

The findings of the study revealed that the Question and Answer Technique could improve the students' ability in writing recount texts by guiding them in constructing sentences. In constructing sentences, the students were given a series of questions based on certain media (such as timetables, picture series, and so forth). The complete answers of the questions were then constructed in a certain way to make a well-organized recount text. Furthermore, the improvement of the students' ability in writing recount texts could be seen from the increase of students' average writing score from 52.1 in the first cycle, to 70.1 in the second cycle. Besides, from the result of observation checklist, field notes, and questionnaire, the findings of this study indicated that the Question and Answer Technique was effective in enhancing the students' participation and motivation in the teaching and learning process. In addition, the findings of the study revealed the appropriate model of the Question and Answer Technique in the teaching of writing covered the following procedures: (1) giving the students the model of recount texts, (2) having students read the recount texts and pay attention to vocabulary and sentence structure or language feature of recount texts, (3) asking students some questions to ensure that the students have understood about the content and the generic structure of recount text, (4) organizing the students into groups, (5) distributing to each group of students several copies of the picture series with a list of questions (some questions were related to the topic and the picture series, some others were not), (6) assigning the students to select the questions related to the topic and picture series in group, (7) assigning the students to answer the selected questions in group, (8) assigning the students to arrange their answers to be a recount text individually, (9) assigning the students to combine the sentences of their text with the appropriate connectors individually, and (10) giving opinion and suggestion to the students to revise and edit their drafts.

Based on the above findings, it is suggested that the English teachers apply the Question and Answer Technique since it is beneficial in improving the students' ability in writing recount text. Moreover, to the future researcher, particularly those who have the same problems and are interested in applying the Question and Answer Technique in their research, it is suggested that they apply the Question and Answer Technique in the same field which is focused on increasing the students' creativity and curiosity in writing (creative writing) or in the teaching of other language skills, for instance listening and speaking (by having students to listen to an oral monologue for example, and then asking them to answer the questions about the monologue orally).