SKRIPSI Jurusan Biologi - Fakultas MIPA UM, 2019

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Materi Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Berbasis Inkuiri Terbimbing Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas X SMAN 1 Gondanglegi

Darmayanti Dwi

Abstrak


RINGKASAN

Darmayanti, D. 2019. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Materi Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Berbasis Inkuiri Terbimbing Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas X SMAN 1 Gondanglegi. Skripsi. Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing: (I) Dra. Sunarmi, M.Pd. (II) Dra. Eko Sri Sulasmi, M.S.

Kata Kunci: Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran, Inkuiri Terbimbing, Keterampilan Proses Sains,

Hasil Belajar Kurikulum 2013 menekankan bahwa model pembelajaran untuk memperkuat pendekatan ilmiah perlu diterapkan pembelajaran berbasis inkuiri. Berdasarkan hasil studi pendahuluan dan observasi menunjukkan bahwa RPP guru telah menggunakan inkuiri tetapi dalam penerapannya di kelas belum tercapai. Keterampilan proses sains siswa juga belum dilakukan penilaian oleh guru. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran berupa silabus, RPP, LKS, dan instrumen penilaian berbasis inkuiri terbimbing sehingga dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains dan hasil belajar siswa. Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran disesuaikan dengan model Thiagarajan (4D) yang terdiri dari 4 tahap, namun penelitian ini hanya dilakukan sampai tahap ketiga yaitu Develop. Perangkat pembelajaran berupa silabus, RPP, LKS, dan instrumen penilaian yang dikembangkan divalidasi oleh ahli perangkat pembelajaran, ahli materi, dan praktisi lapangan. Implementasi dilakukan kepada siswa kelas X MIA 1 dan X MIA 2 SMAN 1 Gondanglegi sejumlah 52 anak. Selanjutnya dilakukan uji kevalidan, uji kepraktisan, dan uji keefektifan.  Hasil validasi ahli perangkat pembelajaran, ahli materi, dan praktisi lapangan terhadap perangkat pembelajaran silabus sebesar 94,3%, RPP sebesar 91,2%, LKS sebesar 98,4%, dan instrumen penilaian sebesar 96,5%. Berdasarkan hasil validasi, perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan memiliki kiteria sangat valid. Hasil uji kepraktisan berdasarkan lembar keterlaksanaan pembelajaran dan angket respon siswa menunjukkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran memiliki kategori sangat praktis dengan persentase masing-masing 97,2% dan 88,7%. Skor rerata sikap 52 siswa yaitu sebesar 93%, rerata ulangan harian sebesar 80,75%, rerata aspek keterampilan siswa sebesar 91,37%, dan rerata keterampilan proses sains siswa sebesar 95,7%. Berdasarkan hasil yang didapatkan, maka termasuk dalam kategori sangat efektif.  Hasil penelitian dan pengembangan menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran materi keanekaragaman tumbuhan berbasis inkuiri terbimbing layak digunakan dan dapat meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains dan hasil belajar siswa. Pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran yang selanjutnya perlu memperhatikan saran: (a) pengembangan perangkat pada materi pelajaran yang lebih luas, (b) untuk meningkatkan kevalidan, kepraktisan dan keefektifan perangkat pembelajaran dapat dilakukan ujicoba pada skala yang lebih besar.

SUMMARY

Darmayanti, D. 2019. Development of Guided Inquiry Based Learning Devices of Plant Diversity Material to Improve Science Process Skills and Learning Outcomes of Tenth Graders of SMAN 1 Gondanglegi. Thesis. Biological Major, Faculty of Mathematics and Science, State University of Malang. Adviser: (I) Dra. Sunarmi, M.Pd. (II) Dra. Eko Sri Sulasmi, M.S.

Key Words : Learning Devices Development, Guided Inquiry, Science Process Skills,

Learning Outcome Curriculum of 2013 emphasizes that learning models to strengthen the scientific approach need to be applied inquiry-based learning. Based on the results of the preliminary study and observations, the teacher's lesson plan has used inquiry but in its implementation in the classroom it has not been achieved. Student science process skills have also not been assessed by the teacher. This study aims to develop learning devices in the form of syllabus, lesson plans, worksheets, and assessment instruments based guided inquiry so that they can be used to measure science process skills and student learning outcomes. The development of learning devices was adjusted to the Thiagarajan (4D) model which consisted of 4 stages, but this research was only carried out until the third stage, namely Develop. Learning tools in the form of syllabus, lesson plan, worksheets, and assessment instruments developed were validated by learning device experts, material experts, and field practitioners. The implementation was carried out for class X MIA 1 and X MIA 2 students of SMAN 1 Gondanglegi with a total of 52 children. Then the validity test, practicality test, and effectiveness test were carried out. The results of the validation of learning device experts, material experts, and field practitioners on syllabus learning devices amounted to 94.3%, lesson plans amounted to 91.2%, worksheets was 98.4%, and assessment instruments were 96.5%. Based on the results of validation, the learning device developed has very valid criteria. The practicality test results based on the learning implementation sheet and student response questionnaire showed that the learning tools had very practical categories with 97.2% and 88.7% respectively. The average score of attitudes learning outcomes of 52 students is 93%, the average daily repetition of students is 80.75%, the average aspect of student skills is 91.37%, and the average science process skills of students is 95.7%. Based on the results obtained, it is included in the very effective category. The results of research and development show that the development of guided inquiry-based learning tools is feasible and can improve science process skills and student learning outcomes. Further development of learning tools needs to pay attention to suggestions: (a) development of tools in broader subject matter, (b) to improve the validity, practicality and effectiveness of learning tools can be tested on a larger scale.