Skripsi Jurusan Tata Boga - Fakultas Teknik UM, 2014

Ukuran Huruf:  Kecil  Sedang  Besar

Hubungan Tingkat Konsumsi Energi Protein dengan Status Gizi Balita di Puskesmas Karangketug dan Puskesmas Gadingrejo Kota Pasuruan

Riza Silvia

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

 

Silvia, Riza. 2014. Hubungan Tingkat Konsumsi Energi Protein dengan Status Gizi Balita di Puskesmas Karangketug dan Puskesmas Gadingrejo Kota Pasuruan. Skripsi, Jurusan Teknologi Industri, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing: (I) Dr. Dra. Mazarina Devi, M.Si. (II) Lismi Animatul Chisbiyah, S.Pd., M.Pd.

 

Kata Kunci: Tingkat Konsumsi Energi Protein, Status Gizi, Balita.

Balita merupakan kelompok usia rentan terkena penyakit dan permasalahan gizi. Keadaan gizi di waktu balita berpengaruh dengan keadaan gizi di waktu dewasa. Berkaitan dengan hal itu maka perlu diadakan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat konsumsi energi dan protein dengan status gizi balita.

Rancangan penelitian yang disesuaikan dalam penelitian ini adalah cross sectional yang dilakukan di Puskesmas Karangketug dan Puskesmas Gadingrejo Kota Pasuruan dengan sampel 97 balita yang dipilih secara purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data tingkat konsumsi energi dan protein diperoleh dengan menggunakan instrumen food recall 2x24 jam, sedangkan data status gizi diperoleh dengan menggunakan indeks antropometri yaitu BB/U. Analisis data yang digunakan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat konsumsi energi dan protein dengan status gizi adalah menggunakan korelasi rank spearman.

Berdasarkan analisis data masih ada balita yang mengalami status gizi kurang sebanyak 17,5%, balita dengan status gizi buruk sebanyak 4,1%, dan balita status gizi lebih sebanyak 3,1%, namun di Puskesmas Karangketug dan Puskesmas Gadingrejo sebagian besar berstatus gizi baik yaitu sebanyak 75,3%. Tingkat konsumsi energi  Puskesmas Karangketug dan Puskesmas Gadingrejo Kota Pasuruan sebagian besar berkategori normal yaitu ≥70% AKG. Tingkat konsumsi protein balita di  Puskesmas Karangketug dan Puskesmas Gadingrejo Kota Pasuruan sebagian besar berkategori lebih yaitu ≥120% AKG. Hasil analisis data yaitu dengan menggunakan korelasi rank spearman diperoleh ada hubungan yang positif antara tingkat konsumsi energi dan protein dengan status gizi balita di Puskesmas Karangketug dan Puskesmas Gadingrejo Kota Pasuruan. Dari pernyataan di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa tingkat konsumsi energi protein balita di Puskesmas Karangketug dan Gadingrejo Kota Pasuruan sudah baik demikian pula dengan status gizi balita, namun jenis makanan yang diberikan kepada balita kurang beragam. Diharapkan ibu balita memberikan asupan dari jenis makanan yang beragam agar semakin lengkap zat gizi yang diperoleh tubuh balita.

 

ABSTRACT

Silvia, Riza. 2014. The Relationship Between Energy Consumption Of Protein And Nutritional Status of the Children Under Five Years Old at the Public Health Centers of Karangketug and Gadingrejo in Pasuruan. Thesis, Department of Industrial Technology, Faculty of Engineering, State University of Malang. Supervisors: (I) Dr. Dra. Mazarina Devi, M.Si. (II) Lismi Animatul Chisbiyah, S.Pd., M.Pd.

 

Keywords: Energy Consumption Of Protein, Nutritional Status, Children Under Five Years Old.

Children under five years old are the age group who susceptible to disease and nutrient problems. The nutrient state during the childhood will affect on the nutrient state during the adulthood. In relation to such problem, further research is required to find out the relationship between energy and protein consumption and nutrient status of the children under five years old.

The adjusted design of the research was cross sectional that was conducted at the Public Health Centers of Karangketug and Gadingrejo in Pasuruan with 97 children under five years old as samples of the research who have been chosen by pusposive sampling. Data on energy and protein consumption was collected using the instrument of food recall 2x24 hours, while nutrient status data used anthropometric indices body weight by age (BW/A). Analysis of the research used the Rank Spearman correlation in order to find out the relationship between energy and protein consumtion with the nutrient.

Based on the analysis data, there are 17,5% children under five years old have less nutrient status, 4,1% children under five years old have poor nutrient status, and 3,1% children under five years old have over nutrient status, however, most of the children under five years old at the Public Health Centers of Karangketug and Gadingrejo in Pasuruan have better nutrient status with peresentation 75,3%. Most of the energy consumption children under five years old at the Public Health Centers of Karangketug and Gadingrejo in Pasuruan are categorized in normal state ≥70%  RDA. Most of the protein consumption children under five years old at the Public Health Centers of Karangketug and Gadingrejo in Pasuruan are categorized in over state ≥120% RDA. Result of the data analysis using Rank Spearman correlation shows positive correlation between energy and protein consumption with nutrient status of the children under five years old at the Public Health Centers of Karangketug and Gadingrejo in Pasuruan.  From the above statement it can be concluded that the level of energy and protein consumption of children under five years old at the Public Health Centers of Karangketug and Gadingrejo in Pasuruan is good as well as nutrient status, but the thype of food given to infants less diverse. It is expected that the mother gave the intake of a variety of types of food so that more complete of nutrients for children under five years olds body.