SKRIPSI Jurusan Hukum dan Kewarganegaraan - Fakultas Ilmu Sosial UM, 2017

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PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DAN BELA NEGARA (PKBN) DALAM MENINGKATKAN KEDISIPLINAN TARUNA DI SMK NEGERI 2 TUREN KABUPATEN MALANG

Rizal Ristantomo

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

 

Rizal Ristantomo. 2017. Pelaksanaan Pendidikan Karakter dan Bela Negara (PKBN) dalam Meningkatkan Kedisiplinan Taruna di SMK Negeri 2 Turen. Skripsi, Jurusan Hukum dan Kewarganegaraan, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial, Universitas Negeri Malang. Pembimbing (I) Siti Awaliyah, S.Pd, SH, M.Hum, (II) Drs. Ketut Diara Astawa, SH, M.Si.

 

Kata Kunci:  program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara, disiplin, taruna SMK Negeri 2 Turen Kabupaten Malang.

Program Pendidikan Karakter dan Bela Negara merupakan kegiatan wajib tahunan yang diselenggarakan oleh SMK Negeri 2 Turen terhadap taruna baru kelas X  untuk meningkatkan kedisiplinan. SMK Negeri 2 Turen adalah sekolah tingkat kejuruan yang berbasis kelautan dengan ciri khas pendidikan semi militer, sehingga disiplin menjadi karakter yang diutamakan.

Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui (1) perencanaan program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara (PKBN) di SMK Negeri 2 Turen, (2) pelaksanaan bentuk-bentuk kegiatan dalam program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara (PKBN) di SMK Ngeri 2 Turen, (3) kendala-kendala yang dihadapi dalam pelaksanaan program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara (PKBN) di SMK Negeri 2 Turen, (4) cara mengatasi kendal-kendala yang ada dalam pelaksanan program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara (PKBN).

Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Pada penelitian ini, peneliti berusaha memberikan gambaran mengenai pelaksanaan program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara (PKBN) di SMK Negeri 2 Turen. Hasil penelitian data yang berupa dokumen, wawancara, maupun dokumentasi disusun secara sistematis dan objektif dengan menggunakan analisis data yakni reduksi data, penyajian data, dan pengambilan kesimpulan/verifikasi. Tujuannya agar dapat memberikan penjelasan secara mendetail dan sesuai kenyataan tanpa ada rekayasa.

Hasil penelitian ini adalah sebagai berikut. Pertama, Perencanaan program PKBN di SMK Negeri 2 Turen meliputi: (1) Pembentukan panitia program PKBN, (2) Perumusan jenis-jenis kegiatan, waktu dan tempat program PKBN, (3) Penentuan pemateri program PKBN. Kedua, Pelaksanaan bentuk-bentuk kegiatan program PKBN meliputi: (1) Pelaksanaan kegiatan PKBN didalam ruangan diantaranya, pemberian materi kesadaran berlalu lintas, kesadaran hukum, narkoba dan dampaknya, pembinaan karakter, cara memberi instruksi (CMI), pergaulan remaja dan PMS serta kedisiplinan dan bela negara, (2) Pelaksanaan kegiatan PKBN diluar ruangan diantaranya, apel, tata upacara, latihan baris berbaris (LBB), ketarunaan, bugar pagi dan lintas medan. Ketiga, Kendala-kendala dalam pelaksanaan program PKBN, meliputi (1) perubahan jadwal pemateri secara tiba-tiba, (2) pelaksanaan kegiatan belajar mengajar terganggu, (3) kurangnya persiapan fisik dan mental sehingga menyebabkan taruna kurang tertib dalam mengikuti kegiatan PKBN. Keempat, Cara mengatasi kendala-kendala dalam pelaksanaan program PKBN meliputi: (1) mengatur ulang jadwal pemateri, (2) pelaksanaan program PKBN dilaksanakan di LANAL Malang dan (3) mengadakan evaluasi setiap pelaksanaan kegiatan selesai.

Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diatas maka saran yang dapat diberikan peneliti adalah Kepala Sekolah SMK Negeri 2 Turen, Program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara (PKBN) ini, hendaknya dilaksanakan di LANAL MALANG dengan begitu tidak akan menggangu kegiatan belajar mengajar (KBM) guru bisa fokus mengajar serta yang tergabung dalam staf batalyon (osis) dapat mengikuti pelajaran secara penuh, program pendidikan karakter dan bela negara juga hendaknya dapat diterapkan oleh seluruh sekolah-sekolah lain karena program ini sangat bagus dalam membiasakan untuk disiplin serta menumbuhkan jiwa nasionalis dan patriotis. Meskipun pendidikan karakter sudah terintegrasi dalam setiap mata pelajaran namun adanya hari khusus untuk kegiatan-kegiatan yang berfokus pada pembentukan karakter akan lebih baik lagi dalam rangka pembiasaan terhadap sikap dan tingkah laku mereka.

ABSTRACT

Rizal Ristantomo. 2017. Implementation character education and state defense program to improve cadet discipline in SMKN 2 Turen Malang Regency. Undergraduate Thesis, Law and  Citizenship Departement, Faculty of Social Science, State University of Malang. Guide: (I) Siti Awaliyah, S.Pd, SH, M.Hum. (II) Drs. Ketut Diara Astawa, SH, M.Si.

 

Key Word:  character education and state defense program, discipline, cadet of SMKN 2 Turen Malang Regency.

Character education and defense state program is an annual compulsory activity held by vocational high school 2 Turen for new cadets class X to improve discipline. Vocational high school 2 Turen is a marine-based vocational school with the characteristic of semi-military education, so discipline becomes the preferred character.

This research was conducted with purpose for know (1) planning of character education and defense state program at vocational high school 2 Turen,

(2) implementation forms of activities in the character education and defense state program at vocational high school 2 Turen, (3) obstacles faced in the implementation of character education and defense state program, (4) steps resolve obstacles in implementation of character education and defense state program.

Type of research is descriptive with qualitative approach. In this research, researcher try to give describe about implementation of character education and defense state program in vocational high school 2 Turen. The result of research, data in the form documents, interviews, and documentation are arrange systematic and objective with data analysis ie data reduction, data dispaly, and conclusion /verification. The purpose can to detail explain and reality without engineered.

The result of researh as follows. First,  planning of character education and state difense program at vocational high school 2 turen encompass: (1) committee formation of character education and state difense program, (2) formulation that activity type, time and place of character education and state difense program, (3) informant determination of character education and state difense program. Second, implementation forms activity character education and state difense program encompass (1) implementation character education and state difense program in the room activities such as, traffic awareness material, legal awareness, drugs and its impact, character building, how to give instruction, teenager intercommunication, discipline and defense state, (2) implementation activities character education and state difense program outside the room activities such as, roll call, ceremony system, line of march training, about cadet, fit morning, and cross-field. Third, obstacles in the implementation character education and state difense program encompass (1) sudden change of schedule, (2) the implementation of teaching and learning activities are disturbed, (3) lack of preparation physical and mental, make cadets undisciplined in following character education and state difense program activities. Fourth, steps resolve obstacles in implementation of character education and defense state program encompass: (1) rearranging schedule of informant, (2) implementation of character education and defense state program held in LANAL Malang, and (3) always held evaluation every completed activity implementation.

 

Based on the results research of the above, suggestions that can be given by the researcher for Headmaster of vocational high school 2 Turen, character education and defense state program should be implemented in LANAL Malang, so it will not disturb activity teaching and learning, teacher can focus teach and members of battalion staff (osis) can attend full lessons. Character education and defense state program should also be applicable by all other schools because the program is very good in getting used to discipline and fostering nationalist and patriotic souls. Although character education is already integrated in every subjects but a special day for activities that focus on character building will be even better in order to habituate their attitude and behavior.